An ecosystem is defined as a community or a biological community of living beings interacting with the physical environment and other nonliving components. It can also be defined as the chain of interaction between the living organisms and their environment.
An ecosystem varies in their size and can either be small as an oasis or vast as an ocean. The two main components of an ecosystem are:
- Abiotic components – The nonliving components of an ecosystem. It includes air, water, light, soil, rocks, minerals, and nutrients.
- Biotic components – The living components of an ecosystem. It includes biotic factors such as producers, consumers, and decomposers.
Also Read: Ecosystem
Importance of Ecosystem:
- It provides habitat to wild plants and animals.
- It supports different food chains and food webs.
- It regulates essential ecological processes and support lives.
- Involved in the recycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components.
- Maintains the proper flow of energy in an ecosystem including- Water Cycle, Carbon Cycle, Oxygen Cycle, Nitrogen Cycle, Energy Cycle.
These were a few importances of Ecosystem. Apart from these, it also plays an important role in crop rotation, controlling weeds, management of grasslands, forests, biological surveys, conservation of soil, wildlife, etc.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more in detail about the ecosystem, their types, components and their importance to human welfare.