Biotic and Abiotic are the factors of Ecosystem and have significant roles to shape the ecosystem. The abiotic factors can be defined as non-living chemical and physical components in the ecosystem. While, the biotic factors are the living components of an ecosystem. Both, Biotic and Abiotic factors affect for survival and reproduction.
Both components are related to each other, if one component or a factor is removed or changed will affect the whole ecosystem. Among both factors, Abiotic is plays a vital role as it directly affect the survival of organisms.
Abiotic factors are referred as non-living components with chemical and physical factors. It affect the ability of organism for reproduction and survival. These can be acquired from the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Few examples of abiotic factors includes sunlight, air, moisture minerals, soil and more. These factors have significant impact on the survival and reproduction of species in an ecosystem. For instance, without worthy amount of sunlight some plants are not be able to survive and eventually dies, then there will be less food for plant-eating animals and this will leads to the disbalance of ecosystem.
Biotic factors referred as living things in the ecosystem. Their presence or their materials affect the component of an ecosystem. These materials includes organisms, interactions, parts, wastes and also their presence. Factors like disease, predation and parasitism can also be considered as biotic. All these interactions will make the difference in survival and reproduction of each species.
|Difference Between Biotic and Abiotic Factors|
|Abiotic Factors||Biotic Factors|
|Abiotic are non-living chemical and physical factors of an ecosystem.||Biotic are living factors of an ecosystem|
|Few examples of abiotic factors are sunlight, air, moisture minerals, soil and more.||All living things like animals, plans, fungi, bacteria and more.|
|Affect the survival and reproduction of an organism||Directly or indirectly affect organisms|
|Affect the individual species, community, biosphere, population of species and ecosystem.||Affect the individual species, community, biosphere, population of species and ecosystem.|