Reproduction in Flowering Plants MCQs

Flowering plants or angiosperms reproduce sexually by the process known as pollination. In this process, the pollen from the male anther is transferred to the female stigma. These pollens travel through the pollen tube and produce gametes which fuse with the egg in the embryo sac. This gives rise to fruit.

A few MCQs on Reproduction in Flowering Plants are mentioned below for practice. The answers are also provided for your reference.

MCQs on Reproduction in Flowering Plants

1. Flowers with both androecium and gynoecium are called

1. Bisexual flowers

2. Anther

3. Stamens

4. Unisexual flowers

Also read: Flower

2. The transfer of pollen from the anther to stigma is called

  1. Pollination
  2. Fertilization
  3. Adoption
  4. Diffusion

Also read: Pollination

3. The fusion of female reproductive nucleus with the male reproductive nucleus is known as

  1. Adoption
  2. Excretion
  3. Fertilization
  4. Regeneration

4. The two nuclei at the end of the pollen tube are called

  1. Tube nucleus and a generative nucleus
  2. Sperm and ovum
  3. Generative nucleus and stigma
  4. Tube nucleus and sperm

5. Generative nucleus divides forming

  1. 2 male nuclei
  2. 3 male nuclei
  3. 2 female nuclei
  4. 3 female nuclei

6. Embryo sac is located inside the

  1. Stigma
  2. Ovule
  3. Micropyle
  4. Style

Also read: How is an Embryo-sac formed?

7. One nucleus of the pollen tube and secondary nucleus of the ovum grow into

  1. Stigma
  2. Endosperm
  3. Anther
  4. Stamen

8. The stalk of Datura flower at its base is known as

  1. Pedicel
  2. Corolla
  3. Sepals
  4. Thalamus

9. The male reproductive parts of a flower, the stamens, are collectively known as

  1. Androecium
  2. Filament
  3. Anther
  4. Gynoecium

10. The other name for gynoecium is

  1. Pistil
  2. Stigma
  3. Androecium
  4. Style

Also read: Pollen-pistil interaction

11. Functional megaspore in a flowering plant develops into

  1. Endosperm
  2. Ovule
  3. Embryo-sac
  4. Embryo

Also read: Angiosperms

12. Which of the following is similar to autogamy, but requires pollinators?

  1. Geitonogamy
  2. Cleistogamy
  3. Apogamy
  4. Xenogamy

13. What is the function of the filiform apparatus?

  1. Guide the entry of pollen tube
  2. Recognize the suitable pollen at the stigma
  3. Produce nectar
  4. Stimulate division of generative cell

14. Perisperm and endosperm differ in

  1. Being a diploid tissue
  2. Being a haploid tissue
  3. Having no reserve food
  4. Formation of perisperm by fusion of the secondary nucleus with many sperms

15. Which of the following statements is correct?

  1. Sporogenous tissue is haploid
  2. The hard outer layer of pollen is called intine
  3. Tapetum nourishes the developing pollen
  4. Microspores are produced by endothecium

16. Which of the following fruit is produced by parthenocarpy?

  1. Brinjal
  2. Apple
  3. Banana
  4. Jackfruit

Also read: Parthenocarpy

17. The process of formation of seeds without fertilization in flowering plants is known as

  1. Budding
  2. Apomixis
  3. Sporulation
  4. Somatic hybridization

Also read: Apomixis

18. Functional megaspore in an angiosperm develops into

  1. Endosperm
  2. Embryo
  3. Embryo-sac
  4. Ovule

Also read: Microsporangia

19. Rewards and attractants are required for

  1. Entomophily
  2. Cleistogamy
  3. Anemophily
  4. Hydrophily

20. A dioecious flowering plant prevents

  1. Geitonogamy and xenogamy
  2. Autogamy and xenogamy
  3. Autogamy and geitonogamy
  4. Cleistogamy and xenogamy

Answer Key

1- 1

2- 1

3- 3

4- 1

5- 1

6- 2

7- 2

8- 1

9- 1

10- 1

11- 3

12- 1

13- 1

14- 4

15- 3

16- 3

17- 2

18- 3

19- 1

20- 3

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