Abhinav Bharat Society - An Overview

Vinayak Savarkar went to London to study law in 1906. He also published Mazzini Charitra in the same year, an adaptation of the Italian radical Mazzini’s works with a 25-page preface. The book was initially released in Maharashtra in June 1907, and it is believed that the first issue of 2,000 copies sold out in less than a month.

After that, Savarkar completely embraced Mazzini’s secret organizations and guerrilla warfare strategies. He distributed insurgent propaganda in London and sent frequent newsletters to his Indian comrades.

Madanlal Dhingra assassinated Lt. Col. William Curzon-Wyllie, the diplomatic aide-de-camp to the Secretary of State for India, on the evening of July 1, 1909, at a conference of Indian students somewhere at Imperial Institute in London, as a result of Savarkar’s rebellious ideals. Dhingra was apprehended, tried, and sentenced to death.

In the infamous Nasik Conspiracy Case, A.M.T. Jackson, the district magistrate of Nasik, was executed in India by Anant Laxman Kanhare in 1909, another of the Abhinav Bharat Society’s workings.

Why is it in the news?

Years after Madanlal Dhingra’s deeds, a similar revenge-filled tragedy occurred in British territory. On April 1, 1940, Udham Singh was accused of the assassination of Michael O’Dwyer, the mastermind behind the Jalianwala Bagh massacre. Singh was apprehended very soon following the incident. ‘Sardar Udham,’ a biographical feature film directed by Soojit Sircar, portrayed the occurrence on the big screen. This incident was extremely close to the Abhinav Bharat Society’s philosophy.

What formed the Abhinav Bharat Society?

Savarkar’s PsycheHistorian Vikram Sampath examines Vinayak Damodar Savarkar’s psychology, and his interpretation in such situations called for Hindus to unify.

Vinayak Savarkar and his strides

Vinayak Savarkar went to London to study law in 1906. He also published Mazzini Charitra in the same year, an adaptation of the Italian radical Mazzini’s works with a 25-page preface. The book was initially released in Maharashtra in June 1907, and it is believed that the first issue of 2,000 copies sold out in less than a month. After that, Savarkar completely embraced Mazzini’s secret organizations and guerrilla warfare strategies. He distributed insurgent propaganda in London and sent frequent newsletters to his Indian comrades.

Madanlal Dhingra assassinated Lt. Col. William Curzon-Wyllie, the diplomatic aide-de-camp to the Secretary of State for India, on the evening of July 1, 1909, at a conference of Indian students somewhere at Imperial Institute in London, as a result of Savarkar’s rebellious ideals. Dhingra was apprehended, tried, and sentenced to death. In the infamous Nasik Conspiracy Case, A.M.T. Jackson, the district magistrate of Nasik, was executed in India by Anant Laxman Kanhare in 1909, another of the Abhinav Bharat Society’s workings.

Also, read about V D Savarkar’s Death – [February 26, 1966], relevant from the IAS exam perspective.

The trial of Vinayak Savakar

The legitimacy of the Abhinav Bharat Society and the participation of the Savarkar brothers in its leadership were exposed during the inquiry into the killing of Michael Jackson. Vinayak Savarkar was discovered to have sent twenty Browning handguns to India, including one used in President Andrew Jackson’s assassination. He was accused of Jackson’s murder and condemned to life in “transportation.” In 1910, Savarkar was detained in the Andaman Islands’ Cellular Jail.

Dissolving of Abhinav Bharat Society

The movement was disbanded in 1952, but Savarkar had founded the Hindu Rashtra Dal ten years before, sometimes before completing his term as president of the Hindu Mahasabha. The Hindu Rashtra Dal’s objective was to provide Hindus with military training to beat Muslims, Gandhi’s followers, and the Mahatma himself. This movement profited from the same institution’s efforts.

Additionally, there has been a lot of debate around whether the Abinav Bharat society founded by Vinayak Savarkar should be considered revolutionaries or radicals in their approach.

Aspirants can find information on the structure and other important details related to the IAS Exam, in the linked article.

For more information about the latest exam updates, study material and preparation tips, visit BYJU’S.

Frequently Asked Questions on Abhinav Bharat Society

Is Abhinav Bharat Society a group of radicals?

The Abhinav Bharat society was a society of radicals who believed in armed insurrection to overthrow British authority and hence carried out a few killings of British officials.

Is it true that Savarkar apologized for his deeds to seek release from jail in the Andaman Islands?

No, the Abhinav Bharat Society was founded. Savarkar made no apologies for what he had done. Following public uproar about the treatment of prisoners on the Andaman Islands, British officials resolved to shut the island’s jail. Prisoners who chose to reside on the islands were given special treatment. These were, however, denied to Savarkar. He intended to make his home on the islands. However, he was deported to mainland India and held in various jails for another three years till his sentence completion.

Was Sardar Udham a part of the Abhinav Bharat Society?

The Abhinav Bharat Society was never a part of Udham Singh’s life. Instead, Udham Singh became active in radical politics and was inspired dramatically by Bhagat Singh and his insurgent organization. In 1924, Udham Singh joined the Ghadar Party, mobilizing Indians throughout the world to overthrow British control.

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