India has a coastline of more than 7000 km, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km. As per the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) Census of 2010, there were around 4 million fishermen in India. Approximately 61% of fishermen were living Below Poverty Line (BPL). The marine fisheries sector plays an important role in India’s food security. As per 2010 census, there are 3,288 marine fishing villages, 1511 marine fish landing centres in 9 maritime states and two union territories.
Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.
Which State is the Largest Producer of Fish in India?
As per 2007-08 data, the top 5 Fish producing states are listed below.
- West Bengal
- Andhra Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
What is the Rank of India in Fish Production?
India is globally ranked at 2nd position in Fish Production. Fish production stood at 13.7 million metric tonnes in 2018-19. An inland sector of fishing constitutes 65% of the total fish production. Fish and fish products are the largest group in agricultural exports in the year 2018-19. The exports of fish were valued at more than Rs 47,000 crores. The fisheries sector had grown rapidly from 4.9% in 2012-13 to 11.9% in 2017-18. Seeing the potential with Fish Production, India has integrated all the schemes of the fisheries sector into an umbrella scheme called Blue Revolution. The main objective of the Blue Revolution is to increase fish production and productivity from both inland and marine sources.
Which Country has the Highest Fish Production?
China was ranked as the number one country in Fish Production for the year 2016. The total fish production from China was around 81.5 million tonnes. For the year 2016, India was ranked at 3rd position with total fish production at around 10.8 million tonnes. Some of the fishes captured by India are oil sardines, Indian mackerel, shrimps etc. There are five main fishing harbours in India which are listed below.
There are 23 minor fishing harbours and 95 fish landing centres in India.
The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.