Importance of Polity for UPSC Civil Services Exam

The UPSC Prelims exam 2021 is scheduled t be conducted on 27th June. A post mortem of the GS Paper I reveals that in 2020 UPSC prelims there were 43 questions from polity. In any case, polity has always been an important area for UPSC aspirants and one which cannot be avoided. Read on to know why knowledge of polity is necessary for the civil services exam.

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The UPSC syllabus for prelims states ‘polity and governance’ as important topics. Polity is basically the structure of the government. It includes the entire government machinery, the system that runs the government. This talks about the Union, states, Parliament, local administration, Constitution, etc. Governance means how citizens are governed by the state. As you can see, these are relevant topics especially for the civil services because after all, the exam is meant to select civil servants of the country. Administration, governing, managing affairs of implementing laws and services to the people – all these form the major functions of the civil servant. Hence it is necessary to have a good understanding of the functioning of the system. Civil servants are vital parts of the system. They are the human resources that are directly responsible for executing the various yojanas and programs the government brings about for the people.

Studying polity helps a student gain an understating of:

  • Important Constitutional provisions.
  • Fundamental Rights and Duties.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • Parts of the Government.
  • Functions of the various bodies of the government.
  • Functioning and structure of the civil services.
  • Financial governance (budgets).
  • Electoral process.
  • Relations between centre and the states.
  • Emergency provisions
  • How the Parliament functions, how bills are passed, etc.

The questions under polity can be classified as belonging to various subheadings such as executive/legislature, ministries/bodies, local bodies, bills/acts/schemes, constitutional features and judiciary.

Some candidates might find this subject a bit dry but in fact, it forms the crux of everyday functioning of the government. Also, it is a subject that is scoring because most of the questions are direct. A good understanding of the procedures involved can help you answer most of the questions. So, polity can also help you raise your total score in the prelims exam.

Also Read | Polity Trend Analysis in UPSC Prelims

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