Malayalam Literature Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam is of Optional Subject and consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 250 marks with a total of 500 marks.

MALAYALAM PAPER-I 

(Answers must be written in Malayalam)

Section-A

Unit 1-Early phase of Malayalam Language: 1.1  Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit. 1.2  Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavarma. 1.3  Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.

Unit 2-Linguistic features of : 2.1   Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works-Champu, Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medieval Champu and Attakkatha. 2.2  Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs. 2.3       Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmandapuranam, Attaprakaram, Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.

Unit 3-Standardisation of Malayalam: 3.1  Peculairities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal. 3.2  Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam. 3.3  Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam : Malayalam as administravie language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.

Section-B

Literary History

Unit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature: 4.1  Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha. 4.2  Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravala works including attakkatha and champu. 4.3  Folk literature. 4.4  Kilippattu, Tullal and Mahakavya.

Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poerty: 5.1  Venmani poets and contemporaries. 5.2  The advent of Romanticism-Poerty of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol 5.3  Poetry after Kavitraya. 5.4  Modernism in Malayalam poetry.

Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose: 6.1  Drama 6.2  Novel 6.3  Short story 6.4  Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.

PAPER-II (Answers must be written in Malayalam)

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and is designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-A

Unit 1 1.1  Ramacharitam-Patalam 1. 1.2  Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas. 1.3  Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana 1.4  Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishmaparvam.

Unit 2 2.1  Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita. 2.2  Vailoppilli-Kutiyozhikkal. 2.3  G. Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan. 2.4  N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.

Unit 3 3.1  ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam 3.2  Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram. 3.3  Akkittam-Pandatha Messanthi 3.4  Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan.

Section-B

Unit 4 4.1  O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha 4.2  Thakazhy-Chemmin. 4.3  O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.

Unit 5 5.1  MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection). 5.2  N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection). 5.3  C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.

Unit 6 6.1  Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharataparyatanam 6.2  M. K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute snehabhajanam 6.3  V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.