What were the Major Factors Responsible for Tribal Revolts in India?

There were multiple reasons behind the revolt of Tribals in India against the British.

  1. Tribals were primarily dependent on agriculture, hunting and forest produce as their source of livelihood.
  2. The British enforced the Forest Act of 1865 and 1878 and established monopoly over the forested land.
  3. The tribals lost their agricultural land and were turned into landless and bonded laborers.
  4. Restrictions were imposed on the use of forest produce which led to complete loss of livelihood of tribals.
  5. The introduction of money lenders, businessmen in the simple life of tribals.

All the above reasons led to the tribals revolt against British rule. Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

Which were some of the Most Famous Tribal Revolts?

Some of the most famous tribal revolts are given below.

  1. Koala Tribe Revolt – 1820 to 1837
  2. Santhal Tribe Revolt – 1855-56
  3. Rampas Tribe Revolt – 1879
  4. Munda Tribal Revolt – 1895 to 1901. This revolt was led by Birsa Munda.

Who led the First Tribal Revolt in India against the British?

The first Tribal revolt in India was led by Baba Tilka Majhi in 1784.  It was the result of a great famine in 1770 and the court of directors orders. As a consequence of his armed rebellion he was hung by the British. After India gained independence a statue was erected at the same spot where he was hung. To commemorate his contributions Bhagalpur university was renamed as Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University in Jharkhand.

What were the Causes behind Failure of Tribal Rebellion?

The causes behind failure of tribal rebellion are given below.

  1. Revolt was localised
  2. Lack of unity
  3. British had the upper hand because of their modern day weapons whereas Tibals had to fight with bow and arrows.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2022.


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