What is Racism?

Racism is a prejudice, discrimination exhibited by a large group of people against people from different race or ethnicity, due to differences in their physical appearances. Apartheid which was practiced in South Africa is an example of racism. Racism has played a role in genocides such as Holocaust, Armenian Genocide etc.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

When did European Union Ban Racism?

European Union explicitly banned racism in 2001, in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Article 21 of the charter bans discrimination on the basis of race, genetic features, color, language, nationality etc.

What is Scientific Racism?

It is a form of racism that came into existence in the early 19th century. It tried to create a racial classification of humans. Polygenist Christoph Meiners claimed only white race as beautiful and the rest as ugly. Scientific racism started losing its popularity in the 20th century. Anders Retzius demonstrated neither Europeans nor others belong to one pure race.

What is the Difference Between Xenophobia and Racism?

Xenophobia and Racism mostly overlap, but the stark difference is racism is discrimination based on physical characteristics whereas xenophobia is discrimination based on the perception that someone is foreign or originating from another community or nation. The word Xenophobia originates from the Greek word Xeno.

 

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

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