What is Traditional Theatre?

Traditional theatre performances are usually a combination of the following.

  1. Dance
  2. Music
  3. Singing
  4. Acting
  5. Dialogue
  6. Narration
  7. Recitation
  8. Puppetry

It is also a combination of costumes, masks, musical instruments. They are not just performed for audiences in a theatre but also importantly performed during rituals or carrying out agricultural activities.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

Which are the Traditional Theatre Forms of India?

There are many different traditional theatre forms in India.

Below tables gives the list of theatre forms and state in which it is popular

Traditional Theatre Form States in which it is popular
Bhaona Bengal, Orissa, Assam, U.P
Tamaasha Maharashtra
Dashavatar Konkan Coast
Krishnattam Kerala
Mudiyettu Kerala
Theyyam (Kaliyattam) Kerala
Koodiyaattam Kerala
Yakshagana Karnataka
Therukoothu Tamil Nadu

Which is the First Theatre in India?

The first theatre in India was the Elphinstone Palace in the erstwhile Calcutta. Elphinstone merged into Madan Theatres Limited in 1919, which brought many of the Bengals most popular literary works on stage. It was a major force in Indian theatres through the 1920s and 30s. The first theatre was established by Jamshedji Framji Madan.

What is Indian Folk Theatre?

Indian Folk theatre is a combination of music, dance, ballad recitation. It has its roots in native culture having local identity and social values. It has been used as an effective medium to communicate social, cultural and political issues to people in rural areas.It was used as a perfect medium for creating awareness among masses.


The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

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