UPSC 2017: Comprehensive News Analysis - November 04

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS1 Related
B. GS2 Related
POLITY
1. Specify deadlines in SMSs for Aadhaar linking, Supreme Court tells mobile service 
providers and banks
2. Haj subsidy to be phased out next year
3. Judiciary best judge of competence: SC Collegium
4. SC: Engineering degrees secured since 2001 via correspondence invalid
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Pak. faces flak over terror funding
2. India, Bangladesh to kick off combat exercise in Mizoram next week
C. GS3 Related
ECONOMICS
1. Private sector must invest more in contract farming: PM 
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. IAF, DRDO successfully test indigenous ‘glide’ bomb, to be inducted soon 
D. GS4 Related
E. Prelims Fact
F. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
G. UPSC Mains Practice Questions 

 

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category: POLITY

1. Specify deadlines in SMSs for Aadhaar linking, Supreme Court tells mobile service providers and banks

Context:

  • Petition challenging the linking of mobile numbers with Aadhaar The Supreme Court ordered that mobile service providers and banks should mention that February 6, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are the last dates for Aadhaar linking.

In news:

  • The Supreme Court on Friday sent a clear message to the public to not panic, by directing mobile service providers and banks to specify the last dates for linking mobile numbers and bank accounts to Aadhaar in the SMSs and e-mails they send to millions of subscribers.
  • The Supreme Court Bench made it clear that the question of the very validity of the Aadhaar scheme is scheduled to be heard from the last week of November 2017.
  • In case, by any chance, if the hearing is delayed, the petitioners are at liberty to mention for an extension in the Aadhaar linking of bank accounts.

Contention of the petitioner:

  • The petitioners challenging the Aadhaar scheme argue that the mandatory requirement of Aadhaar for public welfare schemes “constrict rights and freedoms which a citizen has long been enjoying unless and until they part with their personal biometric information to the government”.
  • The petitions have termed the Aadhaar Act of 2016 unconstitutional and contrary to concept of limited and accountable governance.

PMLA and Aadhaar :

  • Rule 2(b) of the Prevention of Money Laundering (Maintenance of Records) Second Amendment Rules of 2017 requires Aadhaar for opening new bank accounts and for verification of existing bank accounts by December 31, 2017, failing which the “bank accounts will cease to be operational”.

2. Haj subsidy to be phased out next year

3. Judiciary best judge of competence: SC Collegium

Context:

  • Appointment of Judges.
  • Supreme Court observation: Let judiciary, and not the Intelligence Bureau (IB), be the best judge of professional competence of candidates considered for judicial appointments

In news:

  • The Collegium of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, Justices J. Chelameswar and Ranjan Gogoi made it clear that the IB should not delve into the professional competence of persons shortlisted for the judiciary.
  • The IB does a background check on the candidates once their names are considered for elevation by the High Court Collegium concerned.
  • The Supreme Court Collegium further laid down that only factually proven information supplied by the IB on candidates should be taken cognisance of by the Collegium.

4. SC: Engineering degrees secured since 2001 via correspondence invalid

In news:

  • In a major setback to thousands of students who pursued engineering studies through correspondence courses offered by deemed universities in the last 16 years, the Supreme Court declared that the degrees were invalid, putting them at risk of losing jobs obtained on the basis of the certificates.
  • SC observation: the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) did not approve distance learning programmes in engineering studies and the approval granted by the Distance Education Council (DEC) for such courses was illegal.
  • The SC decision exposes the extent to which the regulatory system was compromised as the courses were being run for more than a decade and a half without attracting serious scrutiny.

Keep a vigil:

  • The apex court directed the Centre to create an oversight mechanism to regulate deemed universities, saying that UGC completely failed to curb the commercialisation of education.
  • It asked the government to review the deemed university status of various institutions.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. Pak. faces flak over terror funding

Context:

  • Financial Action Task Force plenary in Buenos Aires
  • FATF looks into the matters of terror financing.
  • China vetoed the latest bid to have Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar designated at the UNSC.

In news:

  • Pakistan has failed to penalise or curb the activities of any of the terror groups [designated by the UNSC].
  • India raised the issue at the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) in Argentina. Other countries supported India and now Pakistan has to submit a compliance report during the next session in February 2018.

FATFs’ International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) directives:

  • Pakistan has been asked to report again in February on action taken against designated terror groups such as the Lashkar-e-Taiba and its off-shoots Jamaat-ud Dawa and Falah-i-Insaniyat.

About FATF:

  • The Financial Action Task Force (on Money Laundering) (FATF), is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.
  • In 2001 the purpose expanded to act on terrorism financing.
  • The 37-member FATF is a voluntary group, without much power to enforce its ruling, it works through “peer pressure” and “naming and shaming” countries into compliance on terror finance by putting them on “grey lists and black lists”.

2. India, Bangladesh to kick off combat exercise in Mizoram next week

 

C. GS3 Related

Category: ECONOMICS

1. Private sector must invest more in contract farming: PM

Context:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi address at World Food India (WFI) 2017.

In news:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked the private sector to invest more in contract farming, raw material-sourcing and creating agri-linkages.
  • He also pointed out that there are huge opportunities for global super-market chains considering India as a major outsourcing hub.
  • Besides, he suggested that aerated drinks manufacturers consider blending 5% fruit juice in their products, and said such a procedure has major potential since fruit-juice based drinks are an intrinsic part of Indian food habits.
  • In addition, he pitched for a venture based on ‘nutrition-rich and climate-smart crops’ to boost production and supply of India’s coarse grains and millets that ‘not only have high nutritional value, but can also withstand adverse agro-climatic conditions’.

Category: INTERNAL SECURITY

1. IAF, DRDO successfully test indigenous ‘glide’ bomb, to be inducted soon

In news:

  • SAAW (Smart Anti Airfield Weapon): An indigenously developed light weight ‘Glide’ bomb has been successfully tested in Chandipur in Odisha.
  • A major milestone in the indigenous capabilities to develop guided bombs.
  • The bomb is guided through precision navigation system, reached the targets at greater than 70 km range, with high accuracies.
  • The guided bomb is developed by the Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), along with other laboratories of the DRDO and the Indian Air Force.

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

E. PRELIMS FACT

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

F. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam

Question 1. Consider the following statements
  1. The Financial Action Task Force (on Money Laundering) (FATF), is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7.
  2. The main aim of FATF is to develop policies to combat money laundering.

Choose the correct statement from the options given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

See

Answer
Question 2. Consider the following statements
  1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana is a comprehensive package which will result in creation of modern infrastructure with efficient supply chain management from farm gate to retail outlet.
  2. Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana will be implemented by Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI).

Choose the correct statements from the options given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

See

Answer
Question 3. The Gangotri National Park (GNP) is located in which state?
  1. Chhattisgarh
  2. Bihar
  3. Uttrakhand
  4. West Bengal
See
Answer
Question 4. Jorwe culture, a Chalcolithic culture, was first discovered in which of the following states of India?
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Rajasthan
  3. Gujarat
  4. Jammu & Kashmir
See
Answer
Question 5. Silver Tanka” and “Copper Jital” coins were introduced by:
  1. Iltutmish
  2. Abu Bakr Shah
  3. Firuz Shah Tughlaq
  4. Sikander Lodi
See
Answer

 

G. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

GS Paper II
  1. To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful?
GS Paper III
  1. What are the salient features of ‘inclusive growth’? Has India been experiencing such a growth process? Analyze and suggest measures for inclusive growth.

 

Also, check previous Daily News Analysis

 

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