UPSC 2017: Comprehensive News Analysis - October 22

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS1 Related
B. GS2 Related
POLITY
1. Rajasthan to shield public servants from probes
2. PUCL demands repeal of ordinance on immunity to public servants
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS/BILATERAL RELATIONS
1. Rex Tillerson to have big regional agenda during India visit
HEALTH ISSUES
1. Hungry for publicity
C. GS3 Related
ECONOMICS
1. Must link all bank accounts with Aadhaar: RBI 
2. Govt permits banks to sell more small savings schemes 
D. GS4 Related
E. Prelims Fact
F. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
G. UPSC Mains Practice Questions 

 

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category: POLITY

1. Rajasthan to shield public servants from probes

Context:

  • The government in Rajasthan has promulgated an ordinance providing for prior sanction for investigation against public servants, judges and magistrates for acts done “in discharge of official duties”.
  • Though the ordinance was promulgated last month and published in the official gazette, it came to light on Friday.
  • The State government may initiate a move to convert it into an Act during the Assembly session beginning on October 23.

The Ordinance:

  • The ordinance has virtually shielded public servants from police investigations
  • It gone a step ahead by restraining the public and the media from disclosing the identity of government officials until the sanction to proceed with the probe is obtained.
  • The sanctioning authority may take up to six months for taking a decision.
  • While amending Sections 156 and 190 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the ordinance lays down that if the sanctioning authority does not take a decision within six months, the prosecution sanction would be deemed to have been issued.
  • Anyone found violating the restriction on printing, publishing or publicising the names, photographs and details of public servants, judges and magistrates for whom the sanction is yet to be granted, will be punished with two years’ imprisonment and fine, according to Section 5 of the ordinance.

The issues with the ordinance:

  • According to the opposition this ordinance will protect criminal and corrupt officials.
  • It would create a cover for wrongdoing by government officials and encourage others to indulge in corruption.
  • But the government has reiterated that the new provisions had been made to protect honest public servants acting in good faith.

2. PUCL demands repeal of ordinance on immunity to public servants

Context:

  • Rajasthan has promulgated an ordinance providing for prior sanction for investigation against public servants, judges and magistrates for acts done “in discharge of official duties

In news:

  • The People’s Union for Civil Liberties demanded repeal of a controversial ordinance which has made public servants immune against investigation and barred the media from disclosing their names until prior sanction is granted for their prosecution.
  • The PUCL has also decided to challenge the ordinance in the Rajasthan High Court.

PUCL remarks on the ordinance passed:

  • The ordinance is an attempt to silence the media and prevent the judiciary from exercising its function of setting the criminal law in motion.
  • The amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code and Indian Penal Code brought through the ordinance went against the Supreme Court’s ruling in Lalita Kumari’s case, 2014. The judgment had dealt with both cognisable and non-cognisable offences committed by public servants. The apex court’s Constitution Bench had held that an FIR has to be lodged and investigation initiated by the police officer on the complaint about a cognisable offence. In the cases of non-cognisable offences, the investigating officer is empowered to initiate a preliminary enquiry and seek the court’s direction to obtain sanction for prosecution.
  • The amendments, were superfluous and unnecessary as Section 197 of Cr.P.C. already provides protection to public servants by making it mandatory for a court to take cognisance against them after getting the government’s sanction. Instead of cognisance, the amendment refers to the word “investigate”.

Category: INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS/BILATERAL RELATIONS

1. Rex Tillerson to have big regional agenda during India visit

Context:

  • Rex Tillerson visit to India.
  • The Afghan-Pakistan situation and Indo-Pacific cooperation could eclipse bilateral concerns

In news:

Expected matters to be discussed:

  • Regional issues could take precedence over bilateral ones
  • Washington’s new South Asia policy with respect to Pakistan and Afghanistan and prospects for more cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.
  • The possibility of an India-Pakistan dialogue will be discussed
  • Tillerson will also brief his Indian counterparts on the outcome of the Quadrilateral Coordination Group [U.S.-China-Afghanistan-Pakistan] meeting on talks with Taliban that took place in Oman on October 16
  • Pending bilateral issues to be discussed:  enhancing trade, the U.S.’s pitch to sell India UAV drones, F-16s and F-18s, and the outstanding decisions on the “foundational agreements” in defence.

Category: HEALTH ISSUES

1. Hungry for publicity

Context:

  • India ranks 100th out of 119 countries on the global hunger index – behind North Korea, Bangladesh, and Iraq but ahead of Pakistan
  • The report ranked 119 countries in the developing world, nearly half of which have ‘extremely alarming’, ‘alarming’ or ‘serious’ hunger levels

Key Stats:

  • Absolute poverty in India in 2011/12 came out to be around 12 percent, not 23 percent as officially reported (Tendulkar poverty line)
  • The difference between 23 and 12 percent is the difference in measurement of consumption measured on a 30-day recall basis for food rather than the more accurate seven-day recall basis

IFPRI’s Hunger Index

  • IFPRI hunger index is not a hunger index at all
  • It is an index about child mortality, and stunting, and wasting, and undernourishment of children

Addressing hunger:

  • A definition of hunger is needed to evaluate policies to alleviate hunger
  • The conventional approach is to measure hunger via calorie consumption
  • However, the caloric equation (poverty means low consumption of calories) has long been given up as an indicator of hunger, or much else

Problem in India:

  • Malnutrition affects stunting and weight and despite having considerably higher per capita income, India has the same IFPRI nutrition (reported as hunger) status as sub-Saharan Africa
  • There is a genuine nutrition absorption problem in India
  • The most likely cause of this is bad sanitation, a large component of which is open-defecation
  • In the Indian environment, access to water and toilets, breastfeeding (to impart immunity in an unhealthy environment), access to sound health advice/treatment, the prevalence of vaccination and availability of vitamin supplements” are indicators of bad health, malnutrition etc.

Strategy to address the issue:

  • In 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi started the drive to stop open defecation and said that we needed to do so from the ramparts of the Red Fort
  • A few years from now, the large role played by toilet construction, and adoption, in increasing nutrition efficacy in India to East Asian levels will be visible

 

C. GS3 Related

Category: ECONOMICS

1. Must link all bank accounts with Aadhaar: RBI

2. Govt permits banks to sell more small savings schemes

In news:

  • In order to encourage savings, the government has allowed banks, including top three private sector lenders, to accept deposits under various small savings schemes like National Savings Certificate (NSC), recurring deposits and monthly income plan
  • Until now, most of the small savings schemes were sold through post offices

Key Points:

  • According to a recent government notification, banks can also sell National Savings Time Deposit Scheme 1981, National Savings (Monthly Income Account) Scheme 1987, National Savings Recurring Deposit Scheme 1981 and NSC VIII issue
  • So far, these banks were allowed to receive subscription under Public Provident Fund, Kisan Vikas Patra-2014, Sukanya Samriddhi Account, Senior Citizen Savings Scheme-2004
  • On the basis of the decision of the government, interest rates for small savings schemes are to be notified on a quarterly basis since April 1, 2016
  • These schemes have a higher interest rate than that offered by banks on normal savings account
  • Increased outlets for selling small savings scheme would result in higher mobilization under the scheme

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

E. PRELIMS FACT

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

F. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam

Question 1. How do District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) help in the reduction
of rural poverty in India?
  1. DRDAs act as Panchayati Raj Institutions in certain specified backward regions of the country.
  2. DRDAs undertake area-specific scientific study of the causes of poverty and malnutrition and prepare detailed remedial measures.
  3. DRDAs secure inter-sectoral and interdepartmental coordination and cooperation for effective implementation of anti-poverty programmes.
  4. DRDAs watch over and ensure effective utilization of the funds intended for antipoverty programmes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 3 and 4 only
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  3. 4 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 only

See

Answer
Question 2. Zero defect zero effect scheme is associated with which sector
  1. Agriculture
  2. MSME (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises)
  3. Heavy Industries
  4. Service sector

See

Answer
Question 3. Consider the following statements with reference to The National Company 
Law Tribunal
  1. NCLT is a quasi judicial body
  2. NCLT is a constitutional organization
  3. NCLT is a statutory organization.
  4. The NCLT was established under the Companies Act 2013.

Choose the correct statement

  1. 1 only
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 4 only
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 4. Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO) is headquartered in which city?
  1. Shanghai
  2. Beijing
  3. Xinxiang
  4. Kabul
See
Answer
Question 5. Identify the correct statement
  1. Raja Ampat is known for one of the world’s most biodiverse marine habitats.
  2. Raja Ampat lies in eastern part of Indonesian group of archipelago.

Choose the correct statement

  1. Only a
  2. Only b
  3. Both a and b
  4. Neither a nor b
See
Answer

 

G. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

GS Paper I
  1. How do the Indian debates on Secularism differ from the debates in the West?
GS Paper II
  1. Why does Constitution of India provide different forms of Oaths for the President, the Ministers, the legislators and the member of the judiciary? Discuss their significance.

 

Also, check previous Daily News Analysis

 

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