31 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 31 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY
1. Activists press for new anti-trafficking Bill
2. Speed Up release of undertrials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The next flashpoint in U.S. - China Context
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT
1. New e-waste rules threaten jobs, collection network
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. What has the SC said on PMLA’s validity?
F. Prelims Facts
1. Invasive frog and snake species dent world economy
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Speed Up release of undertrials

Syllabus: GS-2  Issues arising out of design and implementation of policies, Judiciary.

Mains: Undertrials

Context:  PM quoted that the ease of justice is as important as ease of living and ease of doing business.

Details:

  • The Chief Justice of India and the Union Law minister have both stressed on the need of providing legal aid to the undertrials
  • The vast socio-economic disparities were highlighted by CJI.
  • It was stressed that the Democracy should provide the space for participation to each and every countrymen

Statistics:

  • The Prison Statistics India report released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in 2020 has quoted that there were as many as 4,88,511 prison inmates, of whom 76%, or 3,71,848, were undertrials.

Initiatives to support Undertrials:

  • NALSA
  • National Judicial Data Grid

Nut Graf:  Judiciary is the first point of contact for the effective functioning of the democracy and so the issue of Undertrials should be adequately addressed.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. The next flashpoint in U.S. – China Context

Syllabus: GS-2 Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interest, Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interest.

Mains: US China relation

Context:  Taiwan’s visit by U.S. House speaker has caused tension between the U.S. and China .

Background : 

  • The history goes back to 1949, when the Kuomintang (KMT) Chiang Kai shek fled to Taiwan after losing the civil war to Mao Zedong’s Communist.
  • Taiwan was self ruled and evolved into a democracy.
  • According to the Taiwan Relation Act of 1979, Washington is committed to provide help to Taiwan in defending itself. 

Taiwan’s Importance:

  • Strategically important position.
  • Geopolitical importance in the Indo-pacific region.
  • Importance in the supply chain network especially for semiconductor chips.

China’s Stand:

  • Taiwan is a part of one and only China and increasingly favors one China policy.
  • China’s official White Paper on Taiwan declares it “is under no obligation to commit itself to rule out the use of force”, a position that is still supported by it.

U.S. Stand:

  • Both Wahington and Taiwan has objected to the increased military activities in the Air defense Identification zone.
  • They have also been apprehensive of China’s policy of isolating the island internationally.

Nut Graf:  Taiwan is flaring up the new contentions between the two superpowers that will have a domino effect in the global geopolitics.

F. Prelims Facts

1. Invasive frog and snake species dent world economy

Syllabus: GS-3 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

Prelims: Biodiversity

Context:  Controlling global transport of invasive species.

Details:

  • American Bullfrog (lithobates catesbeianus):
    • Brown and green frog.
    • Region suffering = Europe
    • Impact = crop damage
  • Brown Tree Snake (boiga irregularis):
    • It was introduced by the U.S. Troop in World War II.
    • Region suffering = Pacific Island(including Mariana Island and Guam).
    • Impact = power outages as they crawl on electrical equipment

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Shaheed Udham Singh.
(Level - Medium)
  1. He was part of the Ghadar Party.
  2. He assassinated Michael O’Dwyer, to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct- Udham Singh belonged to the Ghadar Party.Statement 2 is incorrect as he was known for assassinating Michael O’Dwyer, the former lieutenant governor of the Punjab in India, on 13 March 1940. The assassination was done in revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919.
Q2. Consider the following pairs of elephant reserves and associated state.
(Level- Medium)

Elephant reserve                                               State

Sonitpur                                                             Assam

Intanki                                                               Nagaland

Anamudi                                                            Tamil Nadu

Srivilliputhur                                                       Andhra Pradesh

How many of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. One pair only
  2. Two pairs only
  3. Three pairs only
  4. All the four pairs
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation – 

  • Sonitpur Tiger reserve located in the eastern hill forest of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.
  • Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary is home to varied wildlife, located in Kohima of Nagaland.
  • Anamudi is a mountain located in Ernakulam district and Idukki district of the Indian state of Kerala. It is the highest peak in the Western Ghats and in South India.
  • The Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary (GSWS), also known as Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary is in Tamil Nadu
Q3. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct with respect to Santhal
 rebellion (1855-56)? (Medium)
  1. The revolt was spearheaded by the murmur brothers- Sidhu and Kanhu.
  2. The rebellion is also known as Ulgulan.
  3. The British created the Damin-i-koh district in the Santhal inhabitated areas after the rebellion to placate the Santhals.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct – on 30 June 1855, two Santal rebel leaders, Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu, mobilized roughly 60,000 Santhals and declared a rebellion against the East India Company .The basic purpose was to collect taxes by making and enforcing his own laws.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect -The Ulgulan revolt was a 19th century tribal rebellion led by Birsa Munda. It took place in the region south of Ranchi in 1899-1900.
  • Statement 3 is incorrect – Santhal Paragana was the area demarcated for Santhals by the British post the santhal rebellion.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to floating solar plants.
  1. Ramagundam floating Solar plant in Telangana is the largest such operating plant in India and also the largest in the world.
  2. The water body underneath the solar modules helps in maintaining their ambient temperature, thereby improving their efficiency and generation.

Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?(Medium)

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is incorrect- It is largest in India but not in the world.The largest is in China.
  • Statement 2 is correct – The water body underneath the solar modules helps in maintaining their ambient temperature, thereby improving their efficiency and generation.
 Q5. The Service Area Approach was implemented under the purview of (Level- Easy)
  1. Integrated Rural Development Programme
  2. Lead Bank Scheme (A)
  3. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
  4. National Skill Development Scheme
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation- The Service Area Approach (SAA) was introduced in April 1989, in order to bring about an orderly and planned development of rural and semi- urban areas of the country, was extended to all Indian scheduled commercial banks including Regional Rural Banks (RRBs).

 

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 31 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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