28 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 28 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. Forest Rights Act: well begun, ready for the home run
C. GS 3 Related
SECURITY
1. SC upholds powers of arrest, raid under PMLA
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY
1. The poor state of India’s fiscal federalism
F. Prelims Facts
1. Warehousing (Development and Regulation) Act
G. Tidbits
1. ‘Replacement level fertility achieved’
2. Thousands of villages set to get 4G coverage
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

G. Tidbits

1. ‘Replacement level fertility achieved’

  • Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare said that India has achieved replacement-level fertility, with 31 States and Union Territories reaching a Total Fertility Rate (an average number of children per woman) of 2.1 or less.
  • The Minister also said that between 2012 and 2020, India has added over 1.5 crore additional users of modern contraceptives which has increased their use substantially.
  • The government data also reflects a positive shift towards spacing methods which is positively impacting maternal and infant mortality and morbidity rates.
  • India in the last 70 years has focused on the supply side which includes the providers and delivery systems and has achieved a replacement level of fertility, but it is now time to shift the focus towards the demand side which includes family, community and society as there is still a significant population in the reproductive age group.

2. Thousands of villages set to get 4G coverage

  • The Union Cabinet approved a project for extending 4G mobile services to uncovered villages across India at a total cost of ₹26,316 crore.
    • Under the project, 4G mobile services will be extended to 24,680 uncovered villages in remote and far-flung areas.
  • The project has a provision to include 20% additional villages on account of rehabilitation, new-settlements, withdrawal of services by existing operators, etc.
  • This project will be executed by Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) using the Made in India 4G technology stack which will be funded through the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF).
  • The project is said to be a significant step towards the vision of the government to provide mobile connectivity in rural areas and will play a key role in promoting delivery of various e-governance services, banking services, tele-medicine, tele-education, etc.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements about Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) (Level – Medium)

  1. It is India’s largest central armed police force.
  2. It functions under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the government of India.
  3. Rapid Action Force, Commando Battalion for Resolute Action and National Security Guard are specialized units of the CRPF.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, CRPF is India’s largest Central Armed Police Force.
  • Statement 2 is correct, CRPF operates under the authority of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, National Security Guard (NSG) is a specialized unit under Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF). 
    • Specialized units of the CRPF include:
      • Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA)
      • Special Duty Group
      • Parliament Duty Group
      • Rapid Action Force (RAF)
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Warehousing (Development and 
Regulation) Act of 2007 (Level – Difficult)
  1. The registration of warehouses with the Warehousing Development and Regulation Authority is optional.
  2. Captive warehouses such as the ones of Food Corporation of India also come under the ambit of the act.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer:

CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, According to the Warehousing (Development and Regulation) Act of 2007, the registration of warehouses with the Warehousing Development and Regulation Authority is optional at present.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The Warehousing Development and Regulation Authority ensures scientific storage by prescribing infrastructural and procedural standards. However, captive warehouses such as the Food Corporation of India (FCI) are excluded from the ambit of the Act.
Q3. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to millet cultivation
in India? (Level – Difficult)
  1. India accounts for over 50% of global millet production.
  2. India’s average yield of millets is higher than the global average yield.
  3. Finger millet accounts for the largest share of millets crop grown in India.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Answer:

CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, India is a major producer of Millets, accounting for 80% of Asia’s production and 20% of global production.
  • Statement 2 is correct, India’s average yield of Millets (1239 kg/hectare) is higher than the global average yield (1229 kg/hectare).
  • Statement 3 is not correct, Major Millets grown in India are 
    • Pearl Millet (Bajra) – 61% share
    • Jowar (Sorghum) – 27%
    • Finger Millet (Mandua/Ragi) – 10%
Q4. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct with respect to tea exports from India?
(Level – Medium)
  1. India is the largest exporter of tea globally.
  2. Green tea accounts for the largest share of tea exports from India.
  3. Russia is the largest importer of Indian tea, followed by Iran.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 only

Answer:

CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, China is the largest exporter of tea globally.
    • India is among the top 5 tea exporters in the world.
  • Statement 2 is not correct, The majority of the tea exported out of India is black tea followed by Regular tea, Green tea, Herbal tea, Masala tea and Lemon tea.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Russia is the largest importer of Indian tea, followed by Iran.
Q5. With reference to the Constitution of India, prohibitions or limitations or provisions
contained in ordinary laws cannot act as prohibitions or limitations on the constitutional 
powers under Article 142. It could mean which one of the following? (Level – Easy) PYQ (2019)
  1. The decisions taken by the Election Commission of India while discharging its duties cannot be challenged in any court of law.
  2. The Supreme Court of India is not constrained in the exercise of its powers by laws made by the Parliament.
  3. In the event of grave financial crisis in the country, the President of India can declare Financial Emergency without the counsel from the Cabinet.
  4. State legislatures cannot make laws on certain matters without the concurrence of Union Legislature.

Answer:

CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Article 142 of the Indian Constitution empowers the Supreme Court’s verdicts and rulings to be enforced. It stipulates that in the performance of its jurisdiction, the top court may issue any verdict or order necessary to provide “complete justice” in just about any case before it. 
  • Such Supreme Court orders are enforceable across India, as provided by any statute enacted by Parliament or by the executive order of the President of India.

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 28 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

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