06 May 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 6th May 2021:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
GEOGRAPHY
1. Unfamiliar lineament among Assam earthquake factors
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Maratha quota unconstitutional, violates right to equality, says SC
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. After 10 hours, Sri Lanka frees 86 Indian fishermen
2. EU unveils plan to cut dependency on China
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. RBI steps in to ease COVID-19 burden
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
HEALTH
1. A CT scan for COVID merits a word of caution
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. After 10 hours, Sri Lanka frees 86 Indian fishermen

Context:

Eighty-six Indian fishermen were detained for about 10 hours by Sri Lankan Navy personnel on charges of crossing the Indian waters while fishing in the Palk Strait.

Issue:

  • The arrest of Indian fishermen on the Sri Lankan side of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) in the Palk Straits and the Gulf of Mannar by Sri Lankan authorities has been a long-standing problem with the Sri Lankan Navy firing on Indian fishing vessels.
  • The catch on the Sri Lankan side is better both in terms of quality (high-value prawns) and quantity.
  • The issue started because of Indian fishermen having used mechanised trawlers, which deprived the Sri Lankan fishermen (including Tamils) of their catch and damaged their fishing boats.
  • The Sri Lankan government wants India to ban the use of mechanized trawlers in the Palk Strait region.
  • So far, no concrete agreement has been reached since India favours regulating these trawlers instead of banning them altogether.
  • However, the number of trespassing bottom-trawlers has come down considerably, especially after Sri Lanka introduced tougher laws and stiff fines for foreign vessels.

Read more on the related issue covered in the 25th January 2021 Comprehensive News Analysis.

2. EU unveils plan to cut dependency on China

Context:

The European Union (EU) has unveiled a plan to cut its dependency on Chinese and other foreign suppliers in six strategic areas after the pandemic-induced economic slump.

Details:

  • The six strategic areas include raw materials, pharmaceutical ingredients and semiconductors.
  • EU outlined the urgency of the task citing Europe’s reliance on China for about half of 137 products used in sensitive ecosystems, mainly raw materials, pharmaceuticals and other products key to its green and digital goals.
  • The updated industrial strategy plan was devised after the COVID-19 pandemic showed bottlenecks in supply chain.
  • The executive European Commission plans to conduct in-depth reviews of supply chains in raw materials, batteries, active pharmaceutical ingredients, hydrogen, semiconductors and cloud and edge technologies, to decide how to deal with them.
  • To reduce import dependency, EU countries could pool resources for Important Projects of Common European Interest (IPCEIs) in next-generation cloud, hydrogen, low-carbon industry, pharmaceuticals and a second IPCEI on cutting-edge semi-conductors.

F. Prelims Facts

Nothing here for today!!!

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following was held by the Supreme Court in Indra Sawhney v Union of India
case?
  1. Economic backwardness is not a criteria for providing reservation.
  2. Reservation can be provided only at the time of recruitment, and not at the time of the promotions.
  3. Reservation cannot exceed 50% under any circumstance as it was needed to ensure “efficiency” in administration.

Select the correct option from below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • The Supreme Court in the Indra Sawhney v Union of India case 1992 held that economic backwardness is not a criterion for providing reservation.
  • It said that reservation can be provided only at the time of recruitment, and not at the time of the promotions.
  • It fixed the reservation limit at 50%.
  • The Indira Sawhney judgment had categorically said “50% reservation shall be the rule, only in certain exceptional and extraordinary situations for bringing far-flung and remote areas population into mainstream, 50% rule can be relaxed.”
  • That is reservation can exceed 50% in “exceptional circumstances” or “extraordinary situation”.
Q2. The Constitution (One Hundred and Second Amendment) Act, 2018 deals with:
  1. Withdrawal of political reservation in favour of Anglo Indians.
  2. Providing constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).
  3. 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions for the economically weaker section in the unreserved category.
  4. Implementation of Goods and Services Tax.
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Constitution (One Hundred and Second Amendment) Act, 2018 gave constitutional status to the National Backward Classes Commission.
  • The Amendment gives the President powers to notify backward classes.
Q3. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
  1. Department of Military Affairs (DMA) is headed by the Chief of Defence Staff, as its ex-officio secretary.
  2. Officers from the Army, Navy and the Air Force are posted as Joint Secretaries in the Department of Military Affairs (DMA).
  3. Department of Military Affairs (DMA) is an independent department directly under the command of the Prime Minister.

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Department of Military Affairs (DMA) is the department in charge of military matters within the Indian Ministry of Defence.
  • It is headed by the Chief of Defence Staff, as its ex-officio secretary.
  • The DMA provides integration between the armed forces of the Union and the Ministry of Defence.
  • Officers from the Army, Navy and the Air Force are posted as Joint Secretaries in the Department of Military Affairs (DMA).
Q4. Consider the following statements:
  1. MRIs (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) use radio waves and CT (Computed Tomography) scans use X-rays.
  2. CT scans can spot blood clots while X-rays cannot.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • MRIs (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) use radio waves and CT (Computed Tomography) scans use X-rays.
  • CT Scan uses computers and rotating X-ray machines to create cross-sectional images of the body. These images provide more detailed information than normal X-ray images. They can show the soft tissues, blood vessels, and bones in various parts of the body.
  • CT scans can spot blood clots while X-rays cannot.
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Brahmo Samaj? (UPSC 2012)
  1. It opposed idolatry.
  2. It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts.
  3. It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Brahmo Samaj opposed polytheism and idol-worship.
  • It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts.
  • The doctrine of the infallibility of Vedas was not popularized by Brahmo Samaj. Many of its members questioned the infallibility of Vedas.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. The Supreme Court declared the Maratha quota to be unconstitutional as it violates the right to equality. Critically evaluate. (250 words; 15 marks) [GS-2, Polity and Governance]
  2. Write a detailed note on the India-Sri Lanka fishermen dispute. (250 words; 15 marks) [GS-2, International Relations]

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 6th May 2021:- Download PDF Here

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