12 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

12 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Questions over FCRA nod for PM CARES
2. Let virtual courts stay: law panel
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. India, China agree on 5-point action plan
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. Fees must for forest use, Mines Ministry told
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Smothering the housing rights of the urban poor
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. RBI targets compliance at banks with CCO norms
2. Gujarat emerges best for start-ups again: DPIIT
3. ‘Streets for People’ challenge launched
4. New grievance redress system unveiled in J&K
5. EC revises timeline for candidates
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Let virtual courts stay: law panel

Context:

Parliamentary Panel on Law and Justice has presented its report, “Functioning of the Virtual Courts/Courts Proceedings through Video-Conferencing”.

Recommendations:

  • It has recommended the continuation of virtual courts even in a post-COVID scenario.
  • However, it has suggested that infrastructure needs to be upgraded especially in district courts to implement this.
  • The panel has argued that the transfer of certain categories of cases, like cases pertaining to traffic challans or other petty offences, from regular court establishments to virtual courts will reduce the pendency of cases.
    • Currently, there are 30 million pending cases.
  • The Committee recommended the Ministry of Law and Justice and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology to address data privacy and data security concerns while developing a new platform for India’s judicial system.

Concerns:

  • Virtual court hearings, especially during peak hours when many people log into the video-conferencing system, is subject to frequent crashes of the system. This can lead to the entire proceedings being vitiated by one glitch.
  • There are also concerns that virtual courts will compromise the privacy of data as well as the confidentiality of discussions and court proceedings.
    • Software programs and applications are prone to hacking and manipulation.
    • Currently, third-party software applications such as Vidyo, Cisco and Jitsi are being used in India for conducting hearings through video-conferencing.
  • Another concern is that almost 50% of lawyers, particularly in district courts, do not have any laptop or computer facility.

Note:

  • During the pre-COVID period, the video-conference (VC) set up was primarily used for conducting remand matters to prevent the movement of prisoners between courts and jails.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. India, China agree on 5-point action plan

Context:

  • External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar met his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Moscow on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Foreign Ministers’ meet.
  • Before their bilateral meeting, they attended a 90-minute luncheon meeting hosted by the Russian Foreign Minister – the three countries make the RIC (Russia, India, China) grouping.

Details:

  • The meeting comes amid a fierce standoff between India and China along the Line of Actual Control, which began in May 2020 and continues, even after multiple efforts to de-escalate. Read more on the India-China Border Clash.
  • A five-point course of action has been agreed upon to disengage and reduce tensions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  • The two Foreign Ministers agreed that the border troops of both sides should continue their dialogue, quickly disengage, maintain proper distance and ease tensions.
  • The immediate task is to ensure a comprehensive disengagement of troops in all the friction areas.

Five-point course of action:

  1. Following the consensus between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping to not allow differences to become disputes.
  2. Disengaging quickly to ease tensions.
  3. Abiding by the existing India-China border protocols and avoiding escalatory action.
  4. Continuing the dialogue between the Special Representatives, National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and Mr. Wang, as well as the other mechanisms.
  5. Working towards new confidence-building measures (CBMs).

Significance:

  • Although divergences remain, the joint statement invoked the consensus among the leaders of the two countries developed since the June 2017 meeting in Astana between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping, and reiterated at the two informal summits in Wuhan and Mahabalipuram.

Conclusion:

  • Although the change in China’s political tone is welcome, deep differences that continue to complicate the path towards comprehensive military disengagement and de-escalation persist.
  • While India insists that the objective of the exercise is to “restore” the status quo ante, there is no explicit Chinese commitment to that goal.
  • While China wants to separate the border conflict from the rest of the relationship, India says the two are inextricably interlinked.
  • Foreign Ministers’ meeting was to agree on the objectives and principles of disengagement and that had been achieved. Much would depend on the militaries following through on the ground and completing the process quickly.

2. Gujarat emerges best for start-ups again: DPIIT

What’s in News?

The second edition of startup ranking of States and Union Territories has been released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

  • Gujarat has been categorised as the best performer in the second edition of startup ranking of states among all States and one Union Territory (UT) Delhi, barring north-eastern States and other UTs.
  • It has again emerged as the best performer in developing a start-up ecosystem for budding entrepreneurs.
  • A total of 22 States and 3 UTs participated in the exercise.
  • The ranking is based on seven broad reform areas consisting of 30 action points ranging from institutional support, easing compliances, relaxation in public procurement norms, incubation support, seed funding support, venture funding support, and awareness and outreach.
  • States have been recognised as best performers, top performers, leaders, aspiring leaders and emerging startup ecosystems.
  • The rankings are aimed at further promoting the start-up ecosystem by the Centre, States and UTs.

3. ‘Streets for People’ challenge launched

What’s in News?

The Union Housing and Urban Affairs (HUA) Ministry has launched an initiative called the ‘Streets for People Challenge’ for making cities more pedestrian-friendly.

This topic has been covered in 11th September 2020 PIB: Streets for People Challenge.

4. New grievance redress system unveiled in J&K

What’s in News?

Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant-Governor (L-G) has launched the Jammu and Kashmir Integrated Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (JK-IGRAMS).

Details:

  • JK-IGRAMS has been unveiled in a bid to create an interface with the public and focus on governance issues in the Union Territory.
  • The system is being launched on a pilot basis in three districts — Jammu, Srinagar, and Reasi — and will gradually be rolled out in the remaining districts by October 2, 2020.
  • The move comes at a time when a sense of disconnection and alienation has been growing among the people, especially in the Kashmir Valley, ever since J&K’s special status was revoked in 2019.

5. EC revises timeline for candidates

What’s in News?

The Election Commission (EC) has decided to revise the timeline for political parties and candidates to publish details of the criminal antecedents of the nominees.

  • Political parties who nominate a candidate with any cases against them and the candidates themselves will have to first publish the details within four days of the last date of withdrawal, then within five to eight days of the last date of withdrawal, and then between nine days from the last date of withdrawal till the last day of campaign, which is 48 hours before polling.
  • It is believed that the new timeline will help the voters in exercising their choices in a more informed manner.
  • The new timeline goes into effect immediately.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to FCRA (Foreign Contribution 
(Regulation) Act) 2010:
  1. Foreign donations to all the NGOs in India are exempted from the provisions of FCRA.
  2. No person who receives foreign contribution as per provisions of this Act shall transfer to another person unless that person is also authorized to receive foreign contribution under FCRA.
  3. Any organisation of a political nature and any company engaged in the production and broadcast of audio or audiovisual news or current affairs programmes are prohibited from accepting foreign contributions.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Foreign donations to only those NGOs that are registered under FCRA are exempted from the provisions of FCRA.
  • No person who receives foreign contribution as per provisions of this Act shall transfer to another person unless that person is also authorized to receive foreign contribution under FCRA.
  • Any organisation of a political nature and any company engaged in the production and broadcast of audio or audiovisual news or current affairs programmes are prohibited from accepting foreign contributions.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Comptroller and Auditor-General 
(CAG):
  1. Among the duties performed by CAG is the audit of all expenditures from the Consolidated Fund of India, contingency funds and Public Accounts.
  2. The salary, allowances and other terms of service of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India are determined by the Parliament.
  3. He/she is appointed by the President.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

Self-explanatory.

Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to “Ranking of States on Support to 
Startup Ecosystems”:
  1. Gujarat has been consistently categorised as the best performer in two consecutive editions of startup ranking of states.
  2. The ranking is released by NITI Aayog.
  3. The ranking is based on seven broad reform areas consisting of thirty action points.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Gujarat has been consistently categorised as the best performer in two consecutive editions of startup ranking of states among all States and one Union Territory (UT) Delhi, barring north-eastern States and other UTs.
  • The ranking is released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).
  • The ranking is based on seven broad reform areas consisting of thirty action points.
Q4. Which of the following is/are the categories considered under the Climate Smart 
Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF):
  1. Energy and Green Buildings
  2. Urban Planning, Green Cover & Biodiversity
  3. Mobility and Air Quality
  4. Affordable Housing
  5. Water Management
  6. Waste Management
  7. Self-financing

Choose the correct options:

  1. 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 only
  2. 1, 2, 5 and 6 only
  3. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) assessment framework has 28 indicators across five categories namely; (i) Energy and Green Buildings, (ii) Urban Planning, Green Cover & Biodiversity, (iii) Mobility and Air Quality, (iv) Water Management and (v) Waste Management.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. The time is ripe for the adoption and popularization of virtual courts in India. Critically comment. (15 marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 Polity and Governance).
  2. The processes followed before, during and after evictions of slums often result in the violation of the human rights of slum dwellers. Examine the impact of city beautification projects on slums. (15 Marks 250 Words) (GS 1 Social Issues).

Read the previous CNA here.

12 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *