25 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

25 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. China cautious on G4 push for UNSC reforms
2. Gilgit-Baltistan polls have no legal basis; says India
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Govt. extends IBC pause by 3 months
2. Five States can borrow more on reform
3. RBI releases document on UCBs’ cybersecurity
SECURITY
1. China refused plea for help from northeast insurgents
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
HEALTH
1. Health worker safety deserves a second look
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. The foreign hand
ECONOMY
1. Will the farm bills benefit farmers?
F. Prelims Facts
1. India, Pak. trade charges at SAARC, CICA meets
G. Tidbits
1. 380 ‘detention camps’ in Xinjiang: report
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Gilgit-Baltistan polls have no legal basis; says India

Context:

India said Pakistan’s proposed election in Gilgit-Baltistan has no legal ground.

This topic has been covered in the 5th May 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis.

Issue:

  • Pakistan has moved to give full provincial status to the Gilgit-Baltistan region through an election. The region earlier was known as the “Northern Areas” and Pakistan dealt with it through a special administrative arrangement.
  • India considers Gilgit and Baltistan as part of the undivided Jammu and Kashmir.
  • India’s new political map published in November 2019 depicts the UTs of J&K and Ladakh consisting of Gilgit-Baltistan.

2. Five States can borrow more on reform

Context:

The Centre has permitted five states to borrow an additional ₹9,913 crore through open market borrowings to meet expenditure requirements amid falling revenues due to the COVID-19 crisis.

Details:

  • The permission was accorded after the five states met the reform condition of implementation of ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ system.
  • These states are A.P., Telangana, Goa, Karnataka and Tripura.
  • The Centre had, in May 2020, allowed additional borrowing limit of up to 2% of Gross State Domestic Product to states for FY21 with certain conditions.
    • Half of this could be raised subject to the implementation of the four specific state-level reforms, where the weighting of each reform is 0.25 per cent of gross state domestic product (GSDP).
    • These reforms were the implementation of ‘one nation, one ration card’ system; ease of doing business reform; urban local body and utility reforms, and power sector reforms.
  • The remaining additional borrowing limit of 1 per cent was to be released in two instalments of 0.50 per cent each — first immediately to all the states, and the second on the undertaking of at least three out of the above-mentioned reforms.

Note:

  • Normally, states can borrow to the point that their fiscal deficit does not cross 3 per cent of their GSDP.
  • Due to the effect on economic activities because of coronavirus-induced lockdowns, states’ finances have been dull.

3. RBI releases document on UCBs’ cybersecurity

Context:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has brought out a document titled the ‘Technology Vision for Cyber Security for Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs) 2020-2023’.

Objective:

  • It has been drafted to enhance the cybersecurity of urban co-operative banks (UCBs).
  • It aspires to:
    • Involve more board oversight over cybersecurity.
    • Enable UCBs to better manage and secure IT assets.
    • Implement an offsite supervisory mechanism framework for UCBs on cybersecurity-related controls.
    • Develop a forum for UCBs so that they can share best practices and discuss practical issues and challenges.
    • Implement a framework for providing awareness/training for all UCBs.

Details:

  • It has 12 specific action points and plans to achieve its objective through a five-pillared strategic approach GUARD:
    • Governance Oversight
    • Utile Technology Investment
    • Appropriate Regulation and Supervision
    • Robust Collaboration
    • Developing necessary IT, cybersecurity skill sets.
  • With wider adoption of digital banking channels, the cybersecurity landscape will continue to evolve.
    • It would necessitate the UCBs to manage the associated risks effectively.
    • Active collaboration within UCBs and stakeholders would be necessary for sharing and coordinating various measures taken on cybersecurity aspects.

Category: SECURITY

1. China refused plea for help from northeast insurgents

Context:

The Assam Government has informed a UAPA tribunal that major extremist outfits of the northeast had contacted Chinese authorities for assistance in their fight against India, but the Chinese had refused to provide assistance.

  • The tribunal was constituted under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) after the Union Home Ministry extended the ban on the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) in November 2019 for five years.
  • The tribunal upheld the ban and declared NDFB an unlawful association for a period of five years.

Issue:

  • The affidavit, filed by the government before the tribunal said the United National Liberation Front of West of South East Asia (UNLFWSEA), had taken a resolution “to take assistance from a third nation” to achieve their goal.
    • UNLFWSEA is a Myanmar-based conglomerate of banned outfits such as the NSCN-K, ULFA-I, NDFB-S and KLO.
    • The conglomerate was formed in 2015.
  • UNLFW first preferred China to seek for assistance.
  • Upon China’s refusal, as an alternative, UNLFWSEA looked for establishing nexus with Pakistan.
  • It was learnt that Pakistan (ISI) was providing all sorts of assistance to outfit groups fighting against India. However, their plan could not be executed.

G. Tidbits

1. 380 ‘detention camps’ in Xinjiang: report

What’s in News?

According to research presented by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI)  – an Australian think tank, China is running hundreds of detention centres in northwest Xinjiang.

Findings:

  • The number of facilities is around 40% greater than previous estimates.
  • It said it had identified more than 380 “suspected detention facilities” in the Xinjiang region.
  • Xinjiang is where China is believed to have held more than one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim Turkic-speaking residents.

Beijing has denied the existence of detention sites stating that they are vocational training centres used to counter extremism.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Innovate in India (I3) 
program:
  1. It was launched under the National Health Mission.
  2. It has received financial assistance from the World Health Organisation.
  3. It has been launched to create an enabling ecosystem to promote entrepreneurship and indigenous manufacturing in the biopharma sector.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Innovate in India (I3) program is a flagship program of the Government of India and has received financial assistance from the World Bank.
  • It was launched under the National Biopharma Mission.
  • It has been launched to create an enabling ecosystem to promote entrepreneurship and indigenous manufacturing in the biopharma sector.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to the Conference on Interaction and 
Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA):
  1. It is headquartered in China.
  2. India is a member of CICA since its inception.
  3. For becoming a member of CICA, a state must have at least a part of its territory in Asia.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is an inter-governmental forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia.
  • It is a forum based on the recognition that there is a close link between peace, security and stability in Asia and in the rest of the world.
  • The key idea of the Conference is based on the priority of the indivisibility of security, joint initiative and mutually beneficial interaction of small and large states.
  • It was established in 1999.
  • It is headquartered at Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan.
  • For becoming a member of CICA, a state must have at least a part of its territory in Asia.
  • India is a member of CICA since its inception.
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to Lok Adalats:
  1. National Legal Services Authority (NALSA), along with other Legal Services Institutions, conducts Lok Adalats.
  2. Lok Adalats have been given statutory status.
  3. The jurisdiction of the Permanent Lok Adalats is up to Rs. One Lakh.
  4. The award of the Permanent Lok Adalat is final and binding on all the parties.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 4 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 3 and 4 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

The jurisdiction of the Permanent Lok Adalats is up to Rs. Ten Lakhs.

Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen 
Kaushalya Yojana: 
  1. It is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM).
  2. It is a placement linked skill development program.
  3. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) is the skilling and placement initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD).
  • It is tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth.
  • It is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM).
  • DDU-GKY is uniquely focused on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families.
  • It is a placement linked skill development program which allows skilling in a PPP mode and assured placements in regular jobs in an organization not owned by the skilled person.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. One of the few positive outcomes of COVID-19 is the creation of new alliances and coalitions among social sector organisations. Would the amendments to the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) adversely affect India’s NGOs? Critically analyse. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 Governance).
  2. Discuss the reasons behind health care deficits in India and comment on the importance of health workers’ safety and well-being in ensuring patient safety. (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS 2 Health).

Read the previous CNA here.

25 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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