21 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

21 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Govt. tables Bill to amend FCRA
2. Make ethics code must for all news channels, NBA tells SC
HEALTH
1. ICMR’s second sero-survey ends
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. World Bank seeks ‘universal eligibility’
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Amid fierce protests, Rajya Sabha passes two farm Bills
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Fair and unfair
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Great power, little responsibility
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. U.S. says UN sanctions on Iran back in force, others disagree
2. WHO clears protocol for COVID-19 herbal medicine trials
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Make ethics code must for all news channels, NBA tells SC

Context:

The News Broadcasters Association (NBA) has told the Supreme Court to make its code of ethics against airing malicious, biased and regressive content applicable to all TV news channels.

Details:

  • The NBA suggested that the Court direct the government to include its ethical code in the Programme Code of the Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994.
    • By doing so, all news channels, whether they are NBA members or not, will then have to follow the Programme Code containing the proposed amendments.
  • The NBA suggested that:
    • The News Broadcasters Services Authority (NBSA) should be granted recognition as an “independent self-regulatory mechanism” to receive and deal with complaints.
    • The orders passed by the NBSA should be made binding and enforceable on the channels.
    • The penalties mentioned therein could be made more stringent.

Note:

The NBA affidavit came in response to an order by the Supreme Court to suggest steps to strengthen the self-regulatory mechanism to prevent or penalise airing of communal or derogatory content on electronic media.
Category: HEALTH

1. ICMR’s second sero-survey ends

Context:

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has completed its second national sero-survey to gauge the prevalence of COVID-19.

  • The first such survey was conducted in May 2020.
  • The survey’s objective was to estimate the national prevalence and spread of the infection in hotspots.

This topic has been covered in 31st July 2020 CNA – Banking on serology.
Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. World Bank seeks ‘universal eligibility’

Context:

The $1 billion World Bank loan comes with a condition of “universal eligibility” in procurements.

Background:

  • In April 2020 the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors had approved a fast-track $1 billion India COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project to help India prevent, detect, and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and strengthen its public health preparedness.
  • It is the largest ever health sector support from the Bank to India.

India COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health System Strengthening Project:

  • It is a joint initiative of the Government of India and the World Bank.
  • The World Bank has the $1 billion loan disbursed by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).
  • The Railway Ministry is one of the implementing agencies of the project.

What does the condition of “universal eligibility” mean?

  • This would mean that all preferential market access policies, including Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order, Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) Policy, certain benefits to start-ups, shall not be applicable on purchases made while implementing the national project.
  • The contractors must agree to comply with the relevant provisions of the World Bank’s anti-corruption guidelines and prohibited policies of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
  • Apart from making way for universal eligibility in the supply system, the World Bank would have the right to review the procurement documents, inspect/audit all accounts, records and other files relating to the project.
    • Compliance to these conditions has been made mandatory for the funding.

Details:

  • The first component of the project deals with emergency response to the pandemic and would be implemented until April 2022.
  • The Railways will spend ₹399 crore across its network to strengthen health infrastructure in the combat against COVID-19 in this financial year.
    • Railways would have to make procurements in accordance with the World Bank guidelines, the Railway Board said and added that the funds allocated should not be exceeded.
    • These funds would be utilised for establishing isolation wards by purchasing ventilators, oxygen cylinders, laboratory machines, Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) kits, face shields, hospital furniture, medical equipment, gloves, goggles and other consumables.

2. WHO clears protocol for COVID-19 herbal medicine trials

The World Health Organization has endorsed a protocol for testing African herbal medicines as potential treatments for the coronavirus and other epidemics.

  • WHO experts have endorsed a protocol for phase III clinical trials of herbal medicine for COVID-19.
  • A charter and terms of reference for the establishment of a data and safety monitoring board for herbal medicine clinical trials have also been endorsed.
  • The endorsement comes months after a bid by the President of Madagascar to promote a drink based on Artemisia – a plant with proven efficacy in malaria treatment.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Kakatiyas:
  1. They were initially the feudatories of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyana.
  2. Prataparudra I established a sovereign dynasty.
  3. Ganapathi Deva and Rudramadevi are the notable rulers of the Kakatiya dynasty.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The 12th and the 13th centuries saw the emergence of the Kakatiyas.
  • They were at first the feudatories of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyana, ruling over a small territory near Warangal.
  • Prataparudra I established a sovereign dynasty in 1163 CE.
  • Ganapathi Deva and Rudramadevi are the notable rulers of the Kakatiya dynasty.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to the Integrated Disease Surveillance 
Programme (IDSP):
  1. It was started by the Ministry of Health and Family Affairs with the assistance of the World Health Organisation.
  2. It was launched in the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 to strengthen the decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) is an initiative by the Ministry of Health and Family Affairs that started in 2004 with the assistance of the World Bank.
  • It was started in the year 2004.
  • Among its objectives are:
    • Strengthening/maintaining a decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends.
    • Detecting and responding to outbreaks in the early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Teams (RRTs).
Q3. “Tulung La” is located in:
  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Sikkim
  3. Ladakh
  4. Himachal Pradesh
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

Tulung La is located in Arunachal Pradesh.

Q4. Which of the given pairs are correctly matched?
  1. Chendamangalam Dhoties and Set Mundu – Kerala
  2. Muga Silk – Assam
  3. Arani Silk – Tamil Nadu
  4. Kandangi Saree – Karnataka

Choose the correct option:

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

Tamil Nadu has got the registration of  Geographical Indication Tag for Kandangi Sarees.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. As long as there is no effort to obstruct the course of justice, criticism, whether fair or unfair, does not warrant initiation of contempt proceedings.  Comment. (GS 2 Polity and Governance) (15 Marks, 250 Words).
  2. The way the international system is structured poses enormous obstacles to peace. In light of the statement, examine the role of permanent members of the UN Security Council in the ongoing wars. (GS 2 International Relations) (15 Marks, 250 Words).

Read the previous CNA here.

21 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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