31 Jul 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

31 July 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. ‘Why no Parliament debate on NEP?’
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. China conducts drills in South China Sea
2. Clarifying LAC could create new disputes: Chinese envoy
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. SC looks to save both animals and crops
2. Parliamentary panel to discuss draft EIA
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
EDUCATION
1. An education policy that is sweeping in its vision
HEALTH
1. Banking on serology
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. In the red, Railways puts on hold all non-safety work
2. Gandhi-King initiative passes U.S. House committee
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. China conducts drills in South China Sea

Context:

Despite growing tensions in the contested waters of the South China Sea, Beijing recently conducted high-intensity naval exercises there.

Details:

  • China is locked in disputes with neighbours including India, Japan and Vietnam.
  • China’s expanding military presence in the region has worried several of its neighbours.
  • It has infuriated other nations by building artificial islands with military installations in parts of the sea.

Global Reaction:

  • The U.S. declared Beijing’s claims to most of the sea illegal, ramping up support for Southeast Asian nations with claims to parts of it.
  • It has vowed to stand up against Beijing’s territorial claims to much of the South China Sea, including the contested Paracel Islands.
  • The U.S. regularly conducts so-called “freedom of navigation operations” in the South China Sea in order to stand up to Beijing.
  • Australia has also rejected Beijing’s territorial and maritime claims in the sea, saying there was no legal basis for several of China’s claims.

Read more about the South China Sea dispute.

2. Clarifying LAC could create new disputes: Chinese envoy

Context:

China’s Ambassador to India, Sun Weidong has asserted that China was not in favour of resuming the process of clarifying the Line of Actual Control (LAC) because it could create new disputes.

Details:

  • According to the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), there has been some progress made towards complete disengagement along the LAC, but the disengagement process has as yet not been completed.
  • The Senior Commanders of the two sides will meet in the near future to work out steps in this regard.

Concerns:

  • India has been particularly worried after the Indian Army reported that the Chinese PLA had not yet withdrawn troops from several face-off points.
  • India is also worried as China has not yet shown signs of thinning out the large number of troops it deployed in the recent past, in the depth areas on its side of the LAC – the de facto border between the two nations.
  • With no settled border between the two nations, the LAC in the western sector and the McMahon Line in the eastern sector serve as the de facto boundary between the two nations.
  • The two sides, however, have mutually conflicting perceptions about the alignment of both the lines, which often lead to soldiers of the Indian Army and the Chinese PLA transgressing the LAC into each other’s territory.

For an in-depth understanding of the India-China Border Clash, read Indo-China Border Standoff.

2. Parliamentary panel to discuss draft EIA

Context:

The Parliamentary Committee of Science and Technology headed by Former Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh will deliberate on the subject at its meeting.

Background:

Former Environment Minister had raised objections to the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification 2020.

This topic has been covered in the 26th July 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis. Click here to read.

2. Gandhi-King initiative passes U.S. House committee

What’s in News?

A Bill, authored by American civil rights leader and lawmaker John Lewis, that seeks to establish an exchange programme between India and the U.S. to study the work and legacies of Mahatma Gandhi and civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., has passed an important committee in the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • It will establish annual scholar and student exchange programmes for Indians and Americans to study the leaders’ legacies.
  • Students would visit historic sites in India and the U.S., relevant to India’s freedom struggle and the U.S.’s civil rights movement.
  • It seeks to establish the Gandhi-King Global Academy, a conflict resolution initiative based on the principles of non-violence.
  • The establishment of the U.S.-India Gandhi-King Development Foundation is proposed.
    • It would be tasked with administering grants to NGOs that work in health, pollution and climate change, education and empowerment of women.
  • The Bill will need to be voted through the House and Senate before it becomes law.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Atal Innovation Mission 
(AIM):
  1. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
  2. ARISE initiative under the AIM is a national mentor network in collaboration with the public sector, corporates and institutions, to support all the initiatives of the mission.
  3. AIM-iCREST is an incubator capabilities enhancement programme for creating high-performance start-ups.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) is a flagship initiative set up by the NITI Aayog to promote innovation and entrepreneurship across the length and breadth of the country.
  • ARISE (Atal Research & Innovation for Small Enterprises) is an initiative under the AIM to stimulate innovation and research in the MSME industry.
  • AIM-iCREST is an incubator capabilities enhancement programme for a robust ecosystem for creating high-performance start-ups.
  • Mentor India Campaign under AIM is a national mentor network in collaboration with the public sector, corporates and institutions, to support all the initiatives of the mission.
Q2. Memba Tribe belongs to which of the following regions?
  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Kerala
  3. Nagaland
  4. Gujarat
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

The last Indian village – Bishing, is closest to the McMahon Line, and it demarcates the boundary between China’s Tibet region and Arunachal Pradesh. The Memba tribe which has a population of 100 stays in that village.

Q3. Which of the following committee/s is/are associated with the National Education 
Policy?
  1. T.S.R. Subramanian Committee
  2. K. Kasturirangan Committee
  3. Madhav Gadgil Committee
  4. Bibek Debroy Committee

Choose the correct option:

  1. 2 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • ‘Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy’ under the Chairmanship of Shri T.S.R. Subramanian, submitted its report in May 2016.
  • In 2017 a ‘Committee for the Draft National Education Policy’ was constituted under the Chairmanship of Dr. K. Kasturirangan.
  • Kasturirangan Committee submitted the Draft National Education Policy, 2019.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to Assam Rifles:
  1. The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force of India.
  2. The administrative control of the Assam Rifles lies with the Defence Ministry, while the operational control is with the Home Ministry.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force of India. The unit can trace its lineage back to a paramilitary police force that was formed under the British in 1835 called Cachar Levy. The administrative control of Assam Rifles lies with the Home Ministry, while the operational control is with the Defence Ministry.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Analyze how the National Education Policy, 2020 aims to address the existing challenges in the educational sector and also rightly acknowledges the 21st century educational needs. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS paper 2/Education)
  2. What is meant by serological survey and herd immunity? Discuss the significance and limitations of serological studies. (10 marks, 150 words)(GS paper 2/Health)

Read the previous CNA here.

31 July 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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