26 Sep 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

26 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. One-third of funding by AIIB has gone to India
2. Mahinda to discuss fishermen’s concerns with Modi
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. MCI replaced by National Medical Commission
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Vodafone wins $2 bn tax case
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Parliamentary scrutiny on the back burner
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The Doha-Kabul journey as a road to nowhere
ECONOMY
1. Code debate
2. Cess pool
F. Prelims Facts
1. G7 backs extension of debt freeze
G. Tidbits
1. ‘Faceless I-T’ comes into operation
2. Quad discusses Indo-Pacific infrastructure and 5G
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Mahinda to discuss fishermen’s concerns with Modi

Context:

Sri Lankan Prime Minister has promised Sri Lanka’s northern fisher leaders that he would take up their concern over “trespassing Indian trawlers” with the Indian Prime Minister.

India Sri Lanka Fishermen Issue:

  • The arrest of Indian fishermen on the Sri Lankan side of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) in the Palk Straits and the Gulf of Mannar by Sri Lankan authorities has been a long-standing problem, with the Sri Lankan Navy firing on Indian fishing vessels.
  • The catch on the Sri Lankan side is better both in terms of quality (high-value prawns) and quantity.
  • The issue started because Indian fishermen use mechanised trawlers, which deprived the Sri Lankan fishermen (including Tamils) of their catch and damaged their fishing boats.
  • The Sri Lankan government wants India to ban the use of mechanized trawlers in the Palk Strait region, and negotiations on this subject are undergoing.
  • So far, no concrete agreement has been reached since India favours regulating these trawlers instead of banning them altogether.

Note:

  • While the Sri Lankan Navy arrested 210 Indian fishermen in 2019, only 34 have been arrested in 2020.
  • The number of trespassing bottom-trawlers has come down considerably, especially after Sri Lanka introduced tougher laws and stiff fines for foreign vessels.

Category: POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

1. MCI replaced by National Medical Commission

Context:

The Union Government has constituted the National Medical Commission (NMC). With this, the decades-old institution of the Medical Council of India (MCI) stands abolished.

Details:

Four autonomous boards are created along with NMC to help the commission in its day to day functioning. They are:

  1. UG Medical Education Board
  2. PG Medical Education Board
  3. Medical Assessment and Rating Board
  4. Ethics and Medical Registration Board

Read: National Medical Commission Bill, 2019

Key functions of NMC:

The key functions of the NMC will be:

  • Further streamlining regulations
  • Rating of institutions
  • HR assessment
  • Focus on research
  • Prepare guidelines for fee regulation by private medical colleges
  • Developing standards for Community Health Providers to serve in primary healthcare with limited practicing licence
  • Besides, they will also work on modalities of the common final year exam after MBBS (NEXT- National Exit Test) to serve for both registration and PG entrance

Significance:

  • This historic reform will steer medical education towards a transparent, qualitative and accountable system.
  • The basic change that has happened is that the Regulator is now selected on merits, as opposed to an elected Regulator.
  • Men and women with impeccable integrity, professionalism, experience and stature have been placed at the helm to steer the medical education reforms further.

G. Tidbits

1. ‘Faceless I-T’ comes into operation

What’s in News?

The government has issued a notification operationalizing the ‘Faceless Income Tax Appeals’ system.

  • In recent years, the IT Department has carried out several reforms for simplification of the tax process and ease of compliance.
  • Under faceless appeals, all Income Tax appeals will be finalised in a faceless manner under the faceless ecosystem.
  • However, appeals relating to serious frauds, major tax evasion, sensitive and search matters, international tax and Black Money Act will not be dealt with through this system.
  • The system seeks to honour honest taxpayers of the country and promote transparency in tax collection.

2. Quad discusses Indo-Pacific infrastructure and 5G

What’s in News?

Senior officials from the Foreign Ministries of “the Quad” group of countries (India, the U.S., Australia and Japan) met virtually as part of their periodic consultations on the Indo-Pacific region.

  • The officials committed support to the concept of ASEAN-centrality in the Indo-Pacific and ASEAN’s leadership in the architecture of the region.
  • In an effort to stop Chinese G5 giant Huawei from setting up shop networks in other countries, U.S. Secretary of State has been promoting “clean telcos” — a list of companies considered by the U.S. administration to be free from security risks and the risk of surveillance by the Chinese government.
  • Officials discussed practical cooperation in the areas of connectivity and infrastructure development.
  • Ways to promote the use of trusted vendors, particularly for fifth generation (5G) networks were discussed.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:
  1.  Speaker is empowered to place a member of the Lok Sabha under suspension.
  2. The Speaker alone has the authority for revocation of the suspension order issued against a Lok Sabha member.
  3. The Rajya Sabha Chairman has the power to suspend a member of the house.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Rule Number 373 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business provides for the suspension of MPs by the Speaker of the House.
  • While the Speaker is empowered to place a member under suspension, the authority for revocation of this order is not vested in him/her. It is for the House, if it so desires, to resolve on a motion to revoke the suspension.
  • Unlike the Speaker, the Rajya Sabha Chairman does not have the power to suspend a member.
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Asian Infrastructure Investment 
Bank (AIIB):
  1. Pakistan and Singapore are among the founding members of the AIIB.
  2. It is headquartered in Manila, Philippines.
  3. China, India and Germany are the members with the largest share of voting power in AIIB.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Countries accepted as AIIB founding members include China, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Brunei, Myanmar, the Philippines, Pakistan, Britain, Australia, Brazil, France, Germany and Spain.
  • It is headquartered in Beijing, China.
  • The AIIB members with the largest share of voting power are China (26.5%), India (7.6%) and Russia (6.0%).
Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to the Gulf of Mannar:
  1. The Gulf of Mannar region is one of the four major coral reef areas in India.
  2. Gulf of Mannar between Rameswaram and Tuticorin is declared as a Marine National Park and Biosphere Reserve.
  3. It a significant habitat for the dugong.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The Gulf of Mannar region in Tamil Nadu is one of the four major coral reef areas in India.
  • The others are the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat, Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar islands.
  • Gulf of Mannar between Rameswaram and Tuticorin covering 21 islands and the surrounding shallow coastal waters was declared as a Marine National Park in 1986.
  • The park and its 10 km buffer zone were declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1989.
  • Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is a significant habitat for the dugong (commonly known as sea cows), listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to “JIMEX”:
  1. It is a trilateral maritime exercise between India, Japan and the U.S.
  2. It is conducted biannually.
  3. JIMEX series of exercises commenced in 2012 with a special focus on maritime security cooperation.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • JIMEX is conducted biennially between the Indian Navy and the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).
  • JIMEX series of exercises commenced in January 2012 with a special focus on maritime security cooperation.
  • The last edition of JIMEX was conducted in October 2018 off Visakhapatnam, India.
  • JIMEX 20 will showcase a high degree of inter-operability and joint operational skills through the conduct of a multitude of advanced exercises, across the spectrum of maritime operations.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Examine the concerns associated with the three codes introduced by the government as part of the Labour law Reforms. (GS 3- Economy) (15 Marks, 250 Words).
  2. While the Standing Committees have improved the Parliament’s ability to examine policies better, there are several challenges that need further attention. Comment. (GS 2 Polity and Governance) (15 Marks, 250 Words)

Read the previous CNA here.

26 Sep 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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