What was the October Revolution of 1917?

The October Revolution was the second and the last major part of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It is also known as the Bolshevik Revolution. This Military Revolution Committee was led by Trotsky and they were able to garner the support of Petrograd Garrison and Kronstadt sailors. The Prime Minister ordered the arrest of Bolshevik leaders in October, this led to an armed uprising in Petrograd on 25th October 1917. The revolution was led by the Bolsheviks who occupied the government buildings on 25th October. The following day Winter Palace was captured. It was the seat of the Provisional Government which was established after overthrowing Tsars. Bolsheviks later went on to become the Communist Party of Soviet Union. The new Government was led by Vladimir Lenin.

What was the purpose of the October Revolution?

The reasons behind the October Revolution are given below.

  1. Russia was one of the most impoverished countries in Europe. 
  2. Huge population landless agricultural labourers
  3. Rise in the number of poor and exploited industrial workers.
  4. Communists wanted to create an Industrialized Soviet Union and usher in economic and social development.

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What is the February Revolution?

The February Revolution began on February 23, 1917. This was the first of the two revolutions which took place in 1917. Russia was suffering from massive social and economic problems after World War I. The mass protest took place in the streets of Petrograd as the common people did not have access to sufficient food. The revolution took place for a span of 8 days which involved mass demonstrations and violent clashes with the police and the loyal forces of Russian Monarch. Even Russian Armed Forces took the side of protesters. The protest led to the death of thousands of people. All these led to the resignation of Tsar Nicholas II bringing an end to the Russian Empire. After the February Revolution, a provisional government was formed.

What is the March Revolution?

The first Russian revolution of 1917 which led to the overthrow of the Tsar Rule in Russia is called the March Revolution and it began on 8th March 1917. Russia uses the Julian calendar and as per this calendar the first revolution of 1917 began on 8th February. Hence it is also known as the February Revolution.

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