30 December 2018: UPSC Exam PIB Summary & Analysis

Read the daily PIB update and stay up-to-date on current affairs for the UPSC exam

Indian Science Congress (ISC)-2019

Context:

World’s largest science meet ‘Indian Science Congress (ISC)-2019’is going to be held in Jalandhar, Punjab. The theme for this year is   ‘Future India: Science and Technology.

About:

  • Government’s aim is to deliver the benefits of Science & Technology to the last man in the society and scientists being a pivot should put their heart and soul into finding new solutions to the problems facing the nation and improve the quality of life of common man.
  • The event will play a pivotal role in stimulating scientific research effort and raising the scientific temperament in the country and the world.

Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA)

  • ISCA was started in the year 1914 at its headquarters in Kolkata.
  • It organises Indian Science Congress annually in first week of January.
  • The first meeting of ISCC was held in January 1914 in Asiatic Society, Kolkata.
  • ISCA works under Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) is a premier scientific organization of India

Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)

Context:

India submitted its Sixth National Report (NR6) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The report was submitted by the Union Environment Minister, during the inaugural session of the 13th National Meeting of the State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) organized by the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) The Minister also released the document ‘Progress on India’s National Biodiversity Targets: A Preview’ on the occasion.

About:

  • The NR6 provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the Convention process in line with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets.
  • The Report highlights that while India has exceeded/overachieved two NBTs, it is on track to achieve eight NBTs and in respect of the remaining two NBTs also, India is striving to meet the targets by the stipulated time of 2020.     
  • India has exceeded the terrestrial component of 17 percent of Aichi target 11, and 20 percent of corresponding NBT relating to areas under biodiversity management.

Aichi Target:

The ‘Aichi Targets was adopted at the Nagoya conference of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In the conference of parties (COP-10), the parties agreed to come up with new plans and targets as the previous targets on biodiversity protection were not achieved. The short-term plan which consists of 5 strategic goals and further sub divided into 20 ambitious targets is collectively known as Aichi targets.

  • Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
  • Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
  • Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Strategic Goal E :Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

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