18 November 2018: UPSC Exam PIB Summary & Analysis

Read the daily PIB update and stay up-to-date on current affairs for the UPSC exam

National Conference of Women in Police

Context: The 8th National Conference of Women in Police (NCWP) begins in Ranchi, Jharkhand. The two-day conference which is being organized by Bureau of Police Research & Development in collaboration with Jharkhand Police, is the only national-level platform to address the issues of Women in uniform and create an enabling atmosphere for them to maximize and optimize their professional potential.

About NCWP:

  • The 1st edition of NCWP was organized in 2002 at New Delhi by BPR&D in collaboration with Delhi Police.
  • It is an Empowered Body which shall deal with capacity building of women police personnel and provide adequate exposure in the core police functions for achieving absolute professionalism.
  • NCWP has been continuously working on strengthening and monitoring of mechanism to deal with sexual harassment in all the Police Organizations / CPOs by suggesting active ways and means.
  • Sincere efforts have been made for issues related with gender sensitization for all police ranks, exclusive infrastructural development for women police like restrooms, toilets, crèche etc., equal opportunities for women in career planning and other welfare measures like maternity and childcare leave, police housing for women workforce, etc.

Topics deliberated in the conference:

  • Unheard voices of Women in CAPF/Force – Gender neutral working places.
  • Technology for skills enhancement.
  • Empowered workspace for conducive work environment.
  • Role of Women Police in Smart Cities.
  • Women in Community Oriented policing.
  • Special Training Needs for Women personnel.
  • Sexual harassment at workplaces – Varied perspective and management

National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH)

Context: “Qaumi Ekta Week” (National Integration Week) is observed all over the country, from 19th November to 25th November, 2018 with a view to foster and reinforce the spirit of Communal Harmony, National Integration and pride in vibrant, composite culture and nationhood.

The National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH), an autonomous organisation with the Ministry of Home Affairs, organises Communal Harmony Campaign coinciding with the Qaumi Ekta Week and observes the Communal Harmony Flag Day on 25th November.

About National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH)

  • National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH) was set up as an autonomous organisation under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, and registered on the 19th February, 1992
  • The main objective of the foundation is providing assistance for the physical and psychological rehabilitation of the child victims of communal, caste, ethnic or terrorist violence, with special reference to their care, education and training besides promoting communal harmony, fraternity and national integration.
  • The Foundation promotes Communal Harmony and strengthens National Integration.
  • The Home Minister is ex-officio chairman of the Governing Council of the Foundation.
  • The Governing Council decides broad policies, suggests measures for achieving its objectives and exercises overall supervision over the Foundation.
  • The ex-officio chairman of the Executive Council of the Foundation is the Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • The management and administration of the Foundation rests with the Executive Council.

Swachh Bharat Mission

Context: The Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) will celebrate the World Toilet Day on 19th November with mass awareness and mobilization activities across States and districts. The focus is on usage of toilets, which is closely linked to the Prime Minister’s call for a Swachh Bharat by October 2019.

In recognition to the work done by the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen), the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, receives a Lifetime Achievement Award at the World Toilet Summit in Mumbai.

About Swachh Bharat Mission

  • Swachh Bharat Mission i.e. Clean India Mission is a national level campaign, recently launched by the Government of India is a major step towards the protection of degrading environment.
  • The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) launched on emanates from the vision of the Government of India as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019 to ensure hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation 2nd Oct. 2014.
  • The Government of India adopted a demand driven approach by the name Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in 1999, which was later renamed as the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA). Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) has been restructured into Swachh Bharat Mission with two sub-Missions – Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).


The Swachh Bharat Mission has the following objectives:

  1. Elimination of open defecation
  2. Eradication of Manual Scavenging
  3. Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management
  4. To effect behavioural change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  5. Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  6. Capacity Augmentation for Urban Local Bodies (ULB’s)
  7. To create an enabling environment for private sector participation in Capex (capital expenditure) and Opex (operation and maintenance)


The Swachh Bharat Mission has the following components:

  1. Household toilets, including conversion of insanitary latrines into pour-flush latrines
  2. Community toilets
  3. Public toilets
  4. Solid waste management
  5. IEC & Public Awareness
  6. Capacity building and Administrative & Office Expenses

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