UPSC PIB Summary Analysis Nov23

Read the daily PIB update and stay up-to-date on current affairs for the UPSC exam

Quadricycles as Non Transport Vehicles

Context: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has notified the insertion of the item ‘Quadricycle’ as a ‘non transport’ vehicle under the Motor Vehicles Act 1988.


  • A Quadricycle is a vehicle of the size of a 3-wheeler but with 4 tyres and fully covered like a car. It has an engine like that of a 3-wheeler. This makes it a cheap and safe mode of transport for last mile connectivity.
  • Quadricycles were only allowed for transport usage under the Act, but now has been made usable for non transport also.


Jallianwalla Bagh massacre

Context: Government of India has decided to mark the remembrance of 100 years of the historical Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre. The Minister of State for Culture(I/c), Dr Mahesh Sharma visited the Jallianwalla Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab along with Minister of State (IC) for Housing and Urban Affairs, Shri Hardeep Singh Puri and officials from ASI and NBCC to review the preparations for remembrance of 100 years of  ‘Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre’ , in 2019.

About Jallianwalla Bagh massacre

On Baisakhi day April 13,1919, a large crowd of people mostly from neighbouring villages, unaware of the prohibitory orders in the city, had gathered in the small park of Jallianwala to protest  against the arrest of their leaders, Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal.

The army under orders from General Dyer surrounded the gathering and blocked the only exit point and opened fire on the peaceful unarmed crowd killing around 1000 people.

The killing was followed by uncivilised brutalities on the inhabitants of Amritsar. The entire nation was stunned.

Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest.

Gandhi was overwhelmed by the total atmosphere of violence and withdrew the movement of Satyagraha on April 18,1919 which was launched on April 6,1919.

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