Venture capital or VC is a kind of private equity, a kind of financing provided to small-size, early-stage, emergent firms (often called start-ups) that show or have proven high growth prospective in terms of annual revenue or the number of employees or both. VC funds invest in such start-ups in exchange for equity. They get ownership stake in the companies they invest in. Generally, the early-stage company are based on some innovative technology. They usually belong to high technology industries such as information technology, biotechnology or social media.