What is meant by flash flood?

A flash flood is rapid flooding that may be caused by heavy rain associated with a severe thunderstorm, hurricane, tropical storm, or meltwater from ice or snow flowing over ice sheets or snowfields. Flash floods induce severe impacts in both the built and the natural environment. The effects of flash floods can be catastrophic and show extensive diversity, ranging from damages in buildings and infrastructure to impacts on vegetation, human lives and livestock.

The intensity of the rainfall, the location and distribution of the rainfall, the land use and topography, vegetation types and growth/density, soil type, etc. all determine just how quickly the Flash Flooding may occur.

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Related Links
South Asian Flash Flood Guidance System Disaster Management in India
Previous Year Questions on Disaster Management for UPSC Mains GS-3 Environment & Ecology Questions from UPSC Mains GS 3
GS 3 Structure, Syllabus and Strategy UPSC Previous Year Question Papers

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