NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 10

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Practical Geometry

Ncert Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 10 PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 10 is provided here, so that students can check for the solutions whenever they are facing difficulty while solving the NCERT questions of Practical Geometry. Maths is a subject which requires students understanding and reasoning skills. Along with this, it also requires students to practice maths on a regular basis. Students of Class 7 are suggested to solve NCERT questions in order to practice the questions that are usually asked in the examination. From all the chapters,Practical Geometry is an important topic for the students, and one needs to practice thoroughly to score well in the examination. Therefore BYJU’S provides NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Practical Geometry PDF. These solution are provided in detailed manner, where one can find step-by-step solution to all the questions of class 7 maths chapter 10 NCERT solutions.

NCERT solutions for class 7 maths chapter 10 pdf is prepared by our subject experts under the guidelines of NCERT to assists students in their board exam preparations.

The NCERT Solutions for chapter 10 of class 7 Maths includes the topic – Introduction Construction of a line parallel to a given line: Examples, Exercise. Construction of triangles, Constructing a triangle when the lengths of its three sides are known (SSS criterion): Examples, Exercise. Constructing a triangle when lengths of two sides and the measure of the angle between them are known (SAS Criterion): Examples, Exercise. Constructing a triangle when the measures of two of its angles and its length of the side included between them is given (ASA criterion): Examples, Exercise. Constructing a right angled triangle when the length of one leg and when its hypotenuse are given (RHS criterion), Examples, Exercise.Miscellaneous questions Exercise. NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Practical Geometry PDF is provided here for better understanding and clarification of the chapter.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 10 includes the topic – Introduction Construction of a line parallel to a given line: Examples, Exercise. Construction of triangles, Constructing a triangle when the lengths of its three sides are known (SSS criterion): Examples, Exercise. Constructing a triangle when lengths of two sides and the measure of the angle between them are known (SAS Criterion): Examples, Exercise. Constructing a triangle when the measures of two of its angles and its length of the side included between them is given (ASA criterion): Examples, Exercise. Constructing a right angled triangle when the length of one leg and when its hypotenuse are given (RHS criterion), Examples, Exercise.Miscellaneous questions Exercise. NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Practical Geometry PDF is provided here for better understanding and clarification of the chapter.

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 10 Exercises

Exercise 10.1

Q1:

Draw a line and name it PQ, take a point R outside it. Through R, draw a line parallel to PQ using the ruler and compass only.

Solution:

To construct: A line, parallel to the given line by using ruler and compass.

Construction:

(i) Draw a line segment PQ and take a point R outside PQ.

(ii) Take any point X on PQ and join R to X.

(iii) With X as the center and take convenient radius, draw an arc cutting PQ at Y and RX at Z.

(iv) With R as center and the same radius as in step (iii), draw an arc AB cutting PX at O

(v) With the same arc YZ, draw the equal arc cutting AB at M.

(vi) Join MR to draw a line N.

This the required line PQ ǁ N

1.1

 

Q2 :

Draw a line N. Draw a perpendicular to N at any point on N. On this perpendicular choose a point P, 4cm away from N. Through A, draw a line P parallel to N.

Solution:

To construct: A line parallel to given line when perpendicular line is also given.

Construction:

(i) Draw a line N and take a point O on it.

(ii) At point O, draw a perpendicular line Q

(iii) Take OA = 4 cm on line Q.

(iv) At point A again draw a perpendicular line P

It is the required construction.

1.2

 

Q3:

Let X be a line and A be a point not on X. Through A, draw a line Y parallel to X. Now join A to any point B on X. Choose any point C on Y. Through C, draw a line parallel to AB. Let this meet X at P. What shape do the two sets of parallel lines enclose?

Solution:

To construct: A pair of parallel lines intersecting other part of parallel lines.

Construction:

(i) Draw a line X and take a point A outside of X

(ii) Take point B on line X and join AB

(iii) Make equal angle at point A such that Ð B = Ð A

(iv) Extend line at A to get line Y

(v) Similarly, take a point C which intersects at P on line X, draw line PC

Thus, we get parallelogram ABCP

 1.3

 

Exercise 10.2

 

Q1 :

Construct \(\Delta\) PQR in which PQ = 4.5 cm , QR = 5 cm and RP = 6cm.

Solution:

Construct: \(\Delta\) PQR, where PQ = 4.5 cm, QR = 5 cm, RP = 6 cm

Construction:

(i) Draw a line segment QR = 5 cm.

(ii) Taking R as center and radius 6cm, draw arc.

(iii) Similarly, taking Q as center and radius 4.5 cm  draw another arc which intersects the first arc at point P

(iv) Join PR and PR

It is the required \(\Delta\) PQR

 2.1

 

Q2:

Construct an equilateral triangle of side 5.5 cm

Solution:

To construct: A \(\Delta\) PQR where PQ = QR = QP = 5.5 cm

Construction :

(i) Draw a line segment BC = 5.5 cm

(ii) Taking points Q and R as centers and radius 5.5 cm , draw arcs which intersect at point P.

(iii) Join PQ and PR

It is the required \(\Delta\) PQR

 2.2

 

Q3:

Draw \(\Delta\) ABC with AB = 4cm, BC = 3.5 and AC = 4cm. What type of triangle is this?

Solution:

To construct: \(\Delta\) ABC, in which AB = 4cm, BC = 3.5 and AC = 4 cm

Construction:

(i) draw a line segment BC = 3.5 cm

(ii) Taking B as center and radius 4 cm, draw an arc.

(iii) Similarly, taking C as center and radius 4 cm, draw another arc which intersects first arc at A.

(iv) Join AB and AC.

It is the required isosceles \(\Delta\) ABC

2.3

 

 Q4:

Construct \(\Delta\) PQR such that PQ = 2.5 cm , QR = 6 cm and PR = 6.5 cm. Measure \(\angle\) Q

Solution:

To Construct:

\(\Delta\) PQR such that PQ = 2.5 cm, QR = 6cm and PR = 6 cm and PR = 6.5 cm

Construction :

(i) Draw a line segment QR = 6cm

(ii) Taking B as center and radius 2.5 cm, draw an arc.

(iii) Similarly, taking C as center and radius 6.5 cm , draw another arc which intersects first arc at point P

(iv) Join PQ and PR

(v) Measure angle Q with the help of protractor

It is the required \(\Delta\) PQR where \(\angle\) Q = 80o

2.4

 

 

Exercise 10.3

 

Q1: Construct   a \(\Delta\)  ABC so that AC = 5 cm, AB = 3 cm and \(\angle\) CAB = 90O .

Solution:

Constructing a \(\Delta\) DEF where DE = 5 cm, DF = 3 cm and m\(\angle\) EDF = 90O .

Steps of construction:

(a) Draw a line segment AB = 3 cm.

(b) At point A, draw an angle of 90O with the help of compass i.e., \(\angle\) XAB = 900.

(c) Taking A as the center, draw an arc of radius 5 cm, which cuts AX at the point E.

(d)Connect BC.

This  is the required right angled triangle ACB:

3.1

 

Q2: Construct an isosceles triangle which has equal sides of length  6.5 cm and with a angle of 110 ° between them.

Solution:

Constructing an isosceles triangle where AC = AB = 6.5 cm and \(\angle\) A = 110 ° .

Steps of construction:

(a) Make a line segment AB= 6.5 cm.

(b) At  A, make a  \(\angle\) 110° with the help of protractor, i.e., \(\angle\) XAB = 110 ° .

(c) Take A as the  center, and draw an arc of radius 6.5 cm, which cuts AX at point  C.

(d) Connect BC

This is the required isosceles \(\Delta\) ABC:

3.2

 

Q3:

Construct a \(\Delta\) ZXC with XC = 7.5 cm, ZC = 5 cm and \(\angle\) C = 60O .

Solution:

Constructing a  \(\Delta\) ZXC where XC = 7.5 cm, ZC = 5 cm and \(\angle\) C = 60O.

Steps of construction:

(a) Make a line segment XC = 7.5 cm.

(b) At C, make an angle of 600 with the help of protractor, i.e., \(\angle\) XCB = 60O .

(c) Take C as the center  and draw an arc of 5cm, which cuts the line YC at the point Z.

(d)Connect  AB

Thus, this is the required \(\Delta\) ZXC:

3.3

 

Exercise 10.4

 

Q1:

Construct a triangle ZXC, where\(\angle\) Z = 60O , \(\angle\) X = 30O and ZX = 5.8 cm.

Solution:

Now, constructing a \(\Delta\) ZXC where \(\angle\) Z = 60O , \(\angle\) X = 300 and ZX = 5.8 cm.

Steps for construction:

(a) Make a line segment ZX = 5.8 cm.

(b) At  Z, make an angle \(\angle\) XZC = 60O  with a compass.

(c) At X, draw \(\angle\) QXZ = 300  with  a compass.

(d) ZP and XQ intersect at the point C.

Thus we have the required triangle ZXC:

4.1

 

Q2:

Construct a triangle ABC if AB = 5 cm, \(\angle\) ABC = 105° and \(\angle\) BCA = 40°.

Solution:

Given:

\(\angle\)ABC  = 105° and \(\angle\) BAC = 40°

We know ,sum of the angles of a triangle = 180 .°

\(\angle\) ABC + \(\angle\) BCA + \(\angle\) CAB = 180°

105. 40 °+ 40°+\(\angle\)BCA = 180°

145° + \(\angle\) BCA = 180°

\(\angle\)BCA = 180° – 145°

\(\angle\)BCA = 35°

Constructing a triangle ABC  whose\(\angle\) A = 35°, \(\angle\) B = 105° and AB = 5 cm.

Steps of construction:

(a) Make a line segment PQ = 5 cm.

(b) At  A, make an angle  \(\angle\) QAB = 35° with the help of a protractor.

(c) At  B, make an angle \(\angle\) ABP = 105° with the help of a protractor.

(d) QA and BP intersect at point C.

Thus, we have the required triangle ABC.

4.2

 

Q3:

Can you construct  a \(\Delta\) ABC such that AB = 4 cm, \(\angle\) B = 120° and \(\angle\) C= 70 °. Explain your answer.

Solution:

Given:

In \(\Delta\) ABC, \(\angle\) A = 120° and m\(\angle\) F = 70 °

We know the angles of a triangle sum up to 180o

Thus, we have

\(\angle\)A + \(\angle\)C+ \(\angle\)B= 180°

⟹\(\angle\)A + 120° + 70° = 180°

⟹\(\angle\)A + 190° = 180°

 

⟹\(\angle\)A = 180° − 190° = −10°

Since the sum of the angles is coming more than 180o, this triangle construction is not possible.

 

Exercise 10.5

 

Q1:

Construct a right angled \(\Delta\) ABC, where \(\angle\) B = 90o  BC = 8 cm and AC = 10 cm

Solution:

To construct:

A right angled triangle ABC where \(\angle\) B = 90o BC = 8cm and AC = 10cm

Construction:

(i) Draw a line segment BC = 8cm

(ii) At point B, draw BP  \(\perp\)  BC

(iii) taking C as the center, draw an arc of radius 10cm

(iv) this arc cuts BP at point X

(V) join XB

It is the required right angled triangle ABC.

5.1

 

Q2 :

Construct a right angled triangle whose hypotenuse is 6cm long and one of the legs is 4cm long.

Solution:

TO construct:

A right angled triangle ABC where AC = 6cm and BC = 4cm

Construction:

(i) Draw a line segment BC = 4cm

(ii) At point X, draw BX  \(\perp\)  BC

(iii) Taking C as the center and radius 6cm, draw an arc. (Hypotenuse)

(iv) This arc cuts the BX at point A

(v) Join AC

It is the required right angled triangle ABC.

5.2

 

Q3 :

Construct an isosceles right angled triangle PQR, where \(\angle\)PQR = 90o and PR = 6cm.

Solution:

To construct:

An isosceles right triangle PQR where \(\angle\)R = 90o, PR = QR = 6cm

Construction:

(i) Draw a line segment PR = 6cm

(ii) At point R, draw XR  \(\perp\)  RP

(iii) Taking R as the center and radius 6 cm, draw an arc

(iv) This arc cuts RX at point Q

(v) Join QP

It is the required isosceles right angled triangle PQR

5.3

Downloadable files of ebooks, notes, pdfs are available at BYJU’S for students to start their exam preparation without delay. Once you have registered with BYJU’S access to online course is very simple. Sign up on BYJU’S the learning app to learn more. Apart from NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths chapter 10, get NCERT solutions for other maths chapters – NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths as well. Students can download worksheets, assignments, NCERT Class 7 Maths Solutions PDF and other study materials for exam preparation and score better marks.

Related Links
Ncert Science Class 8 Pdf Ncert 9Th Class Science
Ncert Answers For Class 10 Science Ncert Solutions For Class 11 Biology Free Download Pdf
Ncert Solutions For Class 11 Physics Pdf Download 12Th Bio Ncert
Ncert Class 12 Ncert Physics Class 12 Solutions Pdf
Class 11 Chem Ncert Solutions Chemistry 12 Ncert Solutions Pdf
Ncert Solution Of Class 8 Of Maths Ncert Solution 9