Ncert Solutions For Class 8 Maths Ex 5.3

Ncert Solutions For Class 8 Maths Chapter 5 Ex 5.3

1. List the outcomes in details, which you see in these types of experiments -:

 (i) Spinning a wheel      

3.1

(ii) Tossing two coins at a time

 

Answer:

(i) From the figure we can notice that there are four letters P, Q, R and S in the wheel. So the possible outcomes are P, Q, R and S.

(ii) By tossing two coins each other, we will find four possible outcomes i.e. HH, HT, TH, TT respectively.

[Here H = Head and T = Tails]

 

2. List the outcomes of an event when a dice is thrown:

(a) (i) A prime number      (ii) Not a prime number

(b) (i) A number greater than 6     (ii) A number not greater than 6

 

Answer:

When a dice is thrown, there are seven possible outcomes, i.e., 1,2,3,4,5,6 and 7.

(a)

(i) Outcomes of event of getting a prime number are 2, 3, 5 and 7.

Hence, these are the outcomes of an event of getting a prime number on the face of a dice.

(ii) Outcomes of event of not getting a prime number are 1, 4 and 6.

Hence, these are the outcomes of an event of not getting a prime number on the face of a dice.

(b)

(i) Outcomes of event of getting a number greater than 6 is 7, which comes on the face of the dice.

(ii) Outcomes of event of not getting a number greater than 6 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

 

3. Find out:-

 (i) Prospect of the pointer stopping on ‘S’ in (Question 1 (i))

 (ii) Prospect of getting an ace from a well shuffled deck of 52 playing cards.

 (iii) Prospect of getting a red apple which is shown in the figure below.

3.3.1

Answer:

(i) In a spinning wheel, there are five pointers P, P, Q, R, S. So there are five outcomes. Pointer stops at S which is one outcome.

3.3.2

Therefore, prospect that the pointer will stop at region S = 15

(ii) There are 4 aces in a deck of 52 playing cards. So, there are four events of getting an ace.

So, the probability of getting an ace card = 452=113

(iii) There are a total of 7 apples, out of which, 4 are red and 3 are green.

So, probability of getting a red apple = 47

 

4. Numbers 1 to 12 are written on ten separate paper slips, one number on one slips kept in a box and mixed well. A single paper slip is picked from the box without looking into it. What is the probability of:

(a) Obtaining a number 8?

(b) Obtaining a number less than 8?

(c) Obtaining a number greater than 8?

(d) Obtaining a 1-digit number?

Answer:

(a) There are 12 paper slips in the box. However, 8 is written only on a single slip.

Therefore, probability of getting a number 8 = 112

 

(b) The numbers less than 8 are 1,2,3,4,5,6,7. So there are 7 outcomes.

Therefore, probability of getting a number less than 8 = 712

 

(c) The numbers greater than 8 are 9, 10, and 11. So there are 3 possible outcomes.

Therefore, probability of getting a number greater than 8 = 312 = 14

 

(d) There are 9 numbers which are single digit numbers.

1 2,3,4,5,6,7,8 and 9.

Therefore, probability of getting a 1-digit number = 912 = 34

 

5. A spinning wheel consisting of 1 blue sector, 3 green sectors and 1 red sector, Find out the probability of getting a green sector and also the probability of getting a none-blue sector.

Answer:

Total sectors = 3 + 1 + 1 = 5

There are five sectors. Three sectors are green out of five sectors.

Hence, probability of getting a green sector = 35

We will get a non-blue sector when we will get either a green sector or a red sector.

There is one blue sector out of five sectors.

Hence, Non-blue sectors = 5 – 1 = 4 sectors

Therefore, probability of getting a non-blue sector = 45

 

6. Find out the prospect of the events given in Question 2.

Answer:

When a dice is thrown, there are seven possible outcomes, i.e., 1,2,3,4,5,6 and 7.

(a)

(i) 2, 3, 5  and 7 are prime numbers. So there are 4 outcomes out of 7.

Therefore, probability of getting a prime number = 47

(ii) 1, 4, 6 are not the prime numbers. So there are 3 outcomes out of 7.

Therefore, probability of getting a prime number = 37

(b)

(i) Out of 7 possible outcomes, a number greater than 6 can be obtained in only 1 case.

So there is one outcome out of 7.

Therefore, probability of getting a number greater than 6 = 17

(ii) Out of 7 possible outcomes, a number not greater than 6 can be obtained in only 6 cases.

Numbers not greater than 6 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. So there are 6 outcomes out of 7.

Therefore, probability of not getting a number greater than 6 = 67