 # NCERT Solutions for class 9 Maths Chapter 1- Number Systems Exercise 1.5

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number Systems Exercise 1.5 are given here for reference while solving the exercise problems. The fifth exercise in Number Systems- Exercise 1.5 discusses Operations on Real Numbers. They provide a detailed and stepwise explanation of each answer to the questions given in the exercises in the NCERT textbook for class 9. The solutions are always prepared by following NCERT guidelines so that it should cover the whole syllabus accordingly. These are very helpful in scoring well in examinations.

### Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 1- Number Systems Exercise 1.5   ### Access other exercise solutions of class 9 Maths Chapter 1- Number Systems

Exercise 1.1 Solutions 4 Questions ( 2 long, 2 short)
Exercise 1.2 Solutions 4 Questions ( 3 long, 1 short)
Exercise 1.3 Solutions 9 Questions ( 9 long)
Exercise 1.4 Solutions 2 Questions ( 2 long)
Exercise 1.6 Solutions 3 Questions ( 3 long)

### Access Answers of Maths NCERT class 9 Chapter 1 – Number Systems Exercise 1.5

1. Classify the following numbers as rational or irrational:

(i) 2 –√5

Solution:

We know that, √5 = 2.2360679…

Here, 2.2360679…is non-terminating and non-recurring.

Now, substituting the value of √5 in 2 –√5, we get,

2-√5 = 2-2.2360679… = -0.2360679

Since the number, – 0.2360679…, is non-terminating non-recurring, 2 –√5 is an irrational number.

(ii) (3 +√23)- √23

Solution:

(3 +23) –√23 = 3+23–√23

= 3

= 3/1

Since the number 3/1 is in p/q form, (3 +√23)- √23 is rational.

(iii) 2√7/7√7

Solution:

2√7/7√7 = ( 2/7)× (√7/√7)

We know that (√7/√7) = 1

Hence, ( 2/7)× (√7/√7) = (2/7)×1 = 2/7

Since the number, 2/7 is in p/q form, 2√7/7√7 is rational.

(iv) 1/√2

Solution:

Multiplying and dividing numerator and denominator by √2 we get,

(1/√2) ×(√2/√2)= √2/2 ( since √2×√2 = 2)

We know that, √2 = 1.4142…

Then, √2/2 = 1.4142/2 = 0.7071..

Since the number , 0.7071..is non-terminating non-recurring, 1/√2 is an irrational number.

(v) 2

Solution:

We know that, the value of = 3.1415

Hence, 2 = 2×3.1415.. = 6.2830…

Since the number, 6.2830…, is non-terminating non-recurring, 2 is an irrational number.

2. Simplify each of the following expressions:

(i) (3+√3)(2+√2)

Solution:

(3+√3)(2+√2 )

Opening the brackets, we get, (3×2)+(3×√2)+(√3×2)+(√3×√2)

= 6+3√2+2√3+√6

(ii) (3+√3)(3-√3 )

Solution:

(3+√3)(3-√3 ) = 32-(√3)2 = 9-3

= 6

(iii) (√5+√2)2

Solution:

(√5+√2)2 = √52+(2×√5×√2)+ √22

= 5+2×√10+2 = 7+2√10

(iv) (√5-√2)(√5+√2)

Solution:

(√5-√2)(√5+√2) = (√52-√22) = 5-2 = 3

3. Recall, π is defined as the ratio of the circumference (say c) of a circle to its diameter, (say d). That is, π =c/d. This seems to contradict the fact that π is irrational. How will you resolve this contradiction?

Solution:

There is no contradiction. When we measure a value with a scale, we only obtain an approximate value. We never obtain an exact value. Therefore, we may not realize whether c or d is irrational. The value of π is almost equal to 22/7 or 3.142857…

4. Represent (√9.3) on the number line.

Solution:

Step 1: Draw a 9.3 units long line segment, AB. Extend AB to C such that BC=1 unit.

Step 2: Now, AC = 10.3 units. Let the centre of AC be O.

Step 3: Draw a semi-circle of radius OC with centre O.

Step 4: Draw a BD perpendicular to AC at point B intersecting the semicircle at D. Join OD.

Step 5: OBD, obtained, is a right angled triangle.

Here, OD 10.3/2 (radius of semi-circle), OC = 10.3/2 , BC = 1

OB = OC – BC

⟹ (10.3/2)-1 = 8.3/2

Using Pythagoras theorem,

We get,

OD2=BD2+OB2

⟹ (10.3/2)2 = BD2+(8.3/2)2

⟹ BD2 = (10.3/2)2-(8.3/2)2

⟹ (BD)2 = (10.3/2)-(8.3/2)(10.3/2)+(8.3/2)

⟹ BD2 = 9.3

⟹ BD =  √9.3

Thus, the length of BD is √9.3.

Step 6: Taking BD as radius and B as centre draw an arc which touches the line segment. The point where it touches the line segment is at a distance of √9.3 from O as shown in the figure. 5. Rationalize the denominators of the following:

(i) 1/√7

Solution:

Multiply and divide 1/√7 by √7

(1×√7)/(√7×√7) = √7/7

(ii) 1/(√7-√6)

Solution:

Multiply and divide 1/(√7-√6) by (√7+√6)

[1/(√7-√6)]×(√7+√6)/(√7+√6) = (√7+√6)/(√7-√6)(√7+√6)

= (√7+√6)/√72-√62 [denominator is obtained by the property, (a+b)(a-b) = a2-b2]

= (√7+√6)/(7-6)

= (√7+√6)/1

= √7+√6

(iii) 1/(√5+√2)

Solution:

Multiply and divide 1/(√5+√2) by (√5-√2)

[1/(√5+√2)]×(√5-√2)/(√5-√2) = (√5-√2)/(√5+√2)(√5-√2)

= (√5-√2)/(√52-√22) [denominator is obtained by the property, (a+b)(a-b) = a2-b2]

= (√5-√2)/(5-2)

= (√5-√2)/3

(iv) 1/(√7-2)

Solution:

Multiply and divide 1/(√7-2) by (√7+2)

1/(√7-2)×(√7+2)/(√7+2) = (√7+2)/(√7-2)(√7+2)

= (√7+2)/(√72-22) [denominator is obtained by the property, (a+b)(a-b) = a2-b2]

= (√7+2)/(7-4)

= (√7+2)/3

#### 1 Comment

1. NAKSHATHRA

Thank you so much