Flashcards For NEET Biology - Morphology of Flowering Plants

Flashcards for NEET Biology are designed to boost your NEET preparation. Find below flashcards for Morphology of Flowering Plants. These flashcards on Morphology of Flowering Plants are prepared as per the NEET syllabus. This is helpful for aspirants of NEET and other exams during last-minute revision. Flashcards For NEET Biology – Morphology of Flowering Plants, covers all the important points that are frequently asked in the exam. Check BYJU’S for the full set of Flashcards and Study material for NEET Biology. Solve NEET Biology MCQs to check your understanding and outperform in the exam.

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Name of the NEET sub-section

Topic

Flashcards helpful for

Biology

Morphology of Flowering Plants

NEET exams

 

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Morphology of Flowering Plants

Adventitious roots Do not arise from radicle
Prop roots Banyan Tree
Stilt roots Maize and sugarcane
Pneumatophores Rhizophora
Stem modified to thorns Citrus, Bougainvillea
Stem performs photosynthesis Opuntia, Euphorbia
Offsets Pistia, Eichornia
Sucker Chrysanthemum, banana, pineapple
Stolon Mint
Phyllotaxy Arrangement of leaves on the branch
Leaves modified to tendrils Pea
Stem tendrils Grapevines, pumpkin
Racemose The main axis continues to grow, flowers borne laterally in acropetal succession
Cymose Flowers are borne terminally on the main axis in the basipetal succession
Actinomorphic ⊕ Radial symmetry

(Brassicaceae, Solanaceae)

Zygomorphic % Bilateral symmetry

(Fabaceae)

Hypogynous Superior ovary G

(mustard, brinjal)

Perigynous Half-inferior ovary

(plum, rose, peach)

Epigynous Inferior ovary

(guava, cucumber)

Valvate Sepals or petals do not overlap (Calotropis)
Twisted China rose, cotton, lady’s finger
Imbricate irregular overlapping of petals or sepals

(Cassia, Gulmohar)

Vexillary Presence of keel, wings and standard

(peas and beans)

Polyadelphous stamen Citrus
Free central Dianthus, Primrose
Basal Sunflower, marigold
Parietal Mustard, Argemone
Axile China rose, tomato and lemon
Marginal Pea
Drupe Mango and coconut
Endospermic dicotyledonous seed Castor
Dicotyledonous seed Seed coat- outer testa, inner tegmen

hilum- scar

micropyle- small pore

two cotyledons

Non-endospermic monocotyledonous seed Orchids
Monocotyledonous seed Aleuron (protein layer)- separating endosperm from embryo

one cotyledon- scutellum

plumule enclosed in coleoptile

radicle enclosed in coleorhiza

Perianth Liliaceae
Parthenocarpic fruit Pineapple, Banana

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