Markets everywhere tend to be exploitative of people – whether as workers, consumers or producers. To protect people from such exploitation, the government makes specific laws. These laws try to ensure that the unfair practices are kept at a minimum in the markets. From Chapter 10 of CBSE Class 8 Civics, students can learn further about Law and Social Justice. To help the students understand the concepts more thoroughly, we have also compiled here the CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 10 Law and Social Justice Important Questions. These questions are framed for the students to revise the topics and prepare most competently for the exams.
Students can practice these questions and score proficiently in the exams. Find below in this article, the link to download the PDF version of the CBSE Important Questions from Class 8 Civics Chapter 10.
Law and Social Justice
1. Why do we need a law on minimum wages?
2. What is the minimum wage for a construction worker in your state? Do you think it is adequate, low or high?
3. What is the Minimum Wages Act? Why is it necessary? Whose interest does this law protect?
4. Why are there such sharp differences in safety standards across countries?
5. Why do you think enforcement of safety laws is important in any factory?
6. Can you point to a few other situations where laws (or rules) exist but people do not follow them because of poor enforcement? (For example, over-speeding by motorists, not wearing helmet/seat belt and use of mobile phone while driving). What are the problems in enforcement? Can you suggest some ways in which enforcement can be improved?
7. A ‘clean environment is a public facility.’ Can you explain this statement?
8. Why are companies and contractors able to violate environmental laws?
9. Can you think of other ways in which the environment can be protected? Discuss.
10. What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting up production in India?
11. Do you think the victims of the Bhopal gas tragedy got justice? Discuss.
12. What do we mean when we speak of law enforcement? Who is responsible for enforcement?
13. How can laws ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair? Give two examples to support your answer.
14. What are the sources of environmental pollution in your area? Discuss with respect to (a) air; (b) water and (c) soil. What are the steps being taken to reduce pollution? Can you suggest some other measures?
15. How was the environment treated earlier? What has been the change in perception? Discuss.
16. Define Workers’ unions.
17. Name the states that published the plans to rescue and rehabilitate children who are working as domestic servants. Mention any 3 States.
18. What does Right against Exploitation say about child labour?
19. There are some laws that protect the interests of producers and consumers in the market. Explain.
20. Name any three basic rights of the workers.
21. The Supreme Court of India established in_______
(a) 26 January 1950
(b) 29 January 1950
(c) 28 January 1950
(d) None of the above
22. What is a major cause of environmental pollution?
(a) Vehicular Emission of gases
(b) Killing of animals
(c) Tree plantation
(d) Food distribution