Crime in India Report

The National Crime Records Bureau is a government of India office that records all types of crime. After each calendar year, data is collected by SCRBs through DCRBs and submitted to NCRB in its annual report. Megacities (cities with a population of ten lakh or more) have their own data set. Data on several IPC heads are gathered and released separately by the district.

The Crime in India report includes detailed information on:

  • Cases that have been registered, as well as their judgment.
  • Individuals detained and their punishment.

Latest Context:

The Crime in India Report for 2020 was issued by the NCRB- National Crime Records Bureau. Though 2020, a year defined by periods of nationwide shutdown due to the COVID pandemic, witnessed reduced serious offences, it also saw a significant increase in civil unrest.

UPSC aspirants can refer to the links below for the upcoming exam preparation:

National Crime Records Bureau

  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), located in New Delhi, was established in 1986 by the “Ministry of Home Affairs” to serve as a record system on crime and offenders to help investigators trace criminality to the offenders.
  • The NCRB publishes annual detailed crime data for the whole country.
  • The Crime in India report, issued in 1953, is an important tool for analysing the country’s rule-of-law condition.

Crime in India Report 2020

  • In 2020, 66,01,285 serious offences were registered, including 42,54,356 Indian Penal Code (IPC) offences and 23,46,929 SLL- Special and Local Laws offences.
  • It shows an increase of 14,45,127 (28.0%) in registration of cases over 2019 (51,56,158 cases).
  • In 2020, India also recorded an average of 80 homicides per day, for 29,193 deaths, with Uttar Pradesh leading the charts.

Key Highlights of Crime in India Report 2020

Traditional Crimes

  • The number of new cases involving crimes against children, women, and older persons and robbery, burglary, and theft has decreased by around 2 lakh.
  • Most of the serious offences against women were classified as “cruelty by a spouse or his family” (30.2%), “attack on women to insult her dignity” (19.7 per cent), “kidnapping of women” (19.0 per cent), and “sexual assault” (7.2 per cent).
  • Homicide rose by 1 per cent, but “violent crimes” fell by 0.5 per cent. Source
  • When it comes to women’s safety, Delhi is one of the country’s cities with many incidents. In 2020, more than 10,093 incidences of violence against women were reported in the city.

Fake News

The spread of “false/fake news” and conspiracies, an offence under the IPC Code, saw a 214% rise in 2020 compared to 2019.

Civil Conflicts

  • Communal rioting increased by 96% in 2020 compared to the previous year.
  • Caste riots surged by nearly 50%, agricultural riots by 38%, and Andolan/morcha riots by 33%.

Offences Against the Environment

  • Throughout 2020, the number of cases classified as ‘environment-related crimes’ climbed by 78.1% in the country.

Cyber Crime

  • Reported cases per lakh population of cybercrime jumped from 3.3 per cent in 2019 to 3.7 per cent in 2020.

What is cybercrime?

Cybercrime can be defined as improper conduct or unlawful behaviour using technology. It encompasses criminal activities performed via a computer network, such as hacking, phishing, fraud, and denial-of-service attacks.

Crimes Against the State

  • The year also witnessed a notable decrease in instances involving crimes against the state, by a 27% decrease compared to 2019.
  • On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh was the only state to rise in this section, owing to the rising number of destruction to public property filed by the state, most of which occurred during the anti-Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 rallies.

Crime against Women

  • A total of 3,71,503 cases of crime against women were registered during 2020, showing a decline of 8.3% over 2019 (4,05,326 cases).
  • Majority of cases under crime against women under IPC were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or His Relatives’ (30.0%) followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (23.0%), ‘Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (16.8%) and ‘Rape’ (7.5%). The crime rate registered per lakh women population is 56.5 in 2020 in comparison with 62.3 in 2019.

Refer to the links below regarding crime and violence against women and children in the country:

Crime Against Senior Citizens

In 2020, there was a significant decrease in crime against older adults.

Crimes Against Children

The number of instances recorded for serious offences against minors has decreased by 13.2 per cent.

Crimes Against SCs/ STs

In 2020, Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of offences against Scheduled Castes (12,714).

Candidates can find the general pattern of the Civil Service Exam by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page.

Frequently Asked Questions on Crime in India Report

How to report cybercrime in India?

A victim can make an online cybercrime report in India at cybercrime.gov.in.

  • Visit cybercrime.gov.in for further information.
  • On the dropdown, choose ‘Report other cybercrimes.’
  • Select ‘File a Complaint’ from the dropdown menu.
  • Fill in your information while registering.
  • Fill in the essential information regarding the crime.

Whom to report cybercrime in India?

  • Submit a complaint to the nearest/any Cyber cell.
  • Register an FIR in a police station.
  • Complain cybercrime.gov.in.

How can I report online cybercrime?

You can register a Cyber Crime in India Report using the Government of India’s online cybercrime portal at cybercrime.gov.in.

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