Adurru Buddhist Site

In this article, IAS Exam aspirants can find the relevant details about the Adurru Buddhist Site.

Adurru Buddhist Site

Adurru Buddhist Site was excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1923. This site was declared as a protected monument in 1955. The following remains  and artifacts were excavated by ASI from the Adurru Buddhist site. 

  1. Upa stupas
  2. Stupas
  3. Chaityas
  4. Viharas
  5. Jars
  6. Troughs
  7. Dishes
  8. Bowls

The most famous remains discovered is of the Mahastupa, built like a giant wheel with a platform having a diameter of 17 feet. Around it there were vedika and ayaka platforms marking the cardinal directions.

Buddhist and Jain Architecture in India

Where is the Adurru Buddhist Site Located?

Adurru Buddhist site is located in East Godavari District. The place is locally called as Dubaraju Dibba located on the Western Bank of Vainetaya, a tributary of the Godavari river. This archaeological site is around 9.5 Kms from Bay of Bengal in Mamidikuduru mandal of East Godavari district. 

Why is Adurru an Important Buddhist Site?

According to historical evidence collected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the foundation stone was laid by Sanghamitra, daughter of Great Emperor Ashoka, enroute to Sri Lanka. Of the World’s 3 most popular Buddhist stupas, first one was constructed at Adurru in Andhra Pradesh, the second one was in Ranchi and the last one was in Sarnath.

Which are some of the other Holiest Sites of Buddhists?

Some of the most prominent holiest sites of Buddhists are given below.

  1. Bodh Gaya in Bihar – Buddha attained enlightenment here.
  2. Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh – It is the site of Buddha’s Parinirvana.
  3. Lumbini – It is the birthplace of Buddha, now located in Nepal.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

Frequently Asked Questions on Adurru Buddhist Site

Q 1. When was the Adurru site excavated?

Ans. Adurru was excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1923 and declared as a protected monument in 1955.

Q 2. What is Adurru and where is it located?

Ans. Adurru is a 2,400-year-old Buddhist site located on the western bank of the Vainetaya, a tributary of river Godavari, which is around 9.5 km from the Bay of Bengal in Mamidikuduru mandal of East Godavari district.

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