Topic of the Day – Agni-V Missile

UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Agni V Missile

India’s indigenously developed missile, Agni V was successfully test fired on the 3rd of June 2018. It was the 6th test launch.  Agni V is a part of the Agni series of missiles – the missile system under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. The missile was launched from Dr. Abdul Kalam Island (formerly known as the wheeler island) off the Odisha coast. A mobile launcher of Integrated Test Range was used to launch the missile.



  • Agni V is a brainchild of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • It is an intercontinental ballistic missile and the most advanced one in its series which is highly reliable, with longer shelf life and enhanced mobility. It is specially tailored for road-mobility.
  • Agni V is a surface to surface missile and is nuclear capable. It can carry a warhead weighing up to 1.5 tonnes.
  • It is a three-stage missile, 2 meters wide and 17 meters tall, having a range of 5000 kms.
  • The missile also includes a high-speed on-board computer, a robust reliable bus, and software that is fault tolerant. The advanced computer and inertial navigation system aid in the precision of the path.

Agni Series of Missiles:

  1. Agni-1 has a range of 700 kms
  2. Agni-2 has a range of 2000 kms
  3. Agni-3 has a range of 2500 kms
  4. Agni-4 has a range of 3500 kms
  5. Agni-5 has a range of 5000 kms


  • Agni V is primarily for enhancing India’s nuclear deterrence against China. Even with a range of only 5,000 km, the Agni-V could hit any target in China, including Beijing.
  • Indian authorities believed that the solid-fuelled Agni-V is more than adequate to meet current threat perceptions and security concerns. 
  • The missile will allow India to strike targets across Asia and into Europe.


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