Comprehensive News Analysis – 15 May 2017

Table of Contents:

A. GS1 Related:
B. GS2 Related:

POLITY

1. Be scientific On GM mustard for farms, the Centre must privilege reason over politics in taking the call

2. ‘EVMs cannot be perfectly secure’ Professor says using VVPAT can help

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. The Hague battle for Jadhav today

2. Xi evokes Panchsheel as India skips meet Sharif underscores need to resolve conflict through talks

C. GS3 Related:

ECONOMY

1. Centre may execute proposed social security law in phases 

D. GS4 Related:
E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn
F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News
G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
H. Archives

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Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category: POLITY

1. Be scientific On GM mustard for farms, the Centre must privilege reason over politics in taking the call

With the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee, an Environment Ministry body that assesses genetically modified yields, endorsing transgenic mustard for ecological discharge, a key obstacle stays before agriculturists can develop it: Environment Minister Anil Dave’s endorsement, under a method set around the UPA government.

Why government opposed Bt brinjal?

  • Long haul studies might be required to check its wellbeing and natural effect.
  • It included innovation created by the multinational Monsanto (which had an indirect stake in Mahyco).

Case of GM mustard (DMH-11)

  • Then again, GM mustard (DMH-11) was produced by a group of researchers at Delhi University driven by previous bad habit chancellor Deepak Pental under a legislature financed extend.
  • Fundamentally, it utilizes three qualities from soil bacterium that makes self-pollinating plants, for example, mustard amiable to hybridisation.

What opponents say?

  • Many of them are opposed to the commercial release of any form of transgenic plants; they fear that introducing genes from soil bacterium or other forms of animal life into plants will amount to playing with the natural order of plant life.

What proponents are saying?

  • Defenders of GM products say plants and creatures are always swapping bacterial qualities with air, soil and water, and furthermore that the main method for deciding whether a quality can deliver proteins dangerous to people is to subject it to a methodical testing process.
  • A long time of field tests on transgenic corn, soyabean and brinjal in different nations have demonstrated no wellbeing dangers that fluctuate with their non-GM variants.

Way forward:

  • Farmers require innovation, new information and administrative support to get the best out of their seeds.
  • Progressive governments have neglected to proceed onward the draft National Biotechnology Regulatory Bill, 2008 that would empower a biotechnology controller to come to fruition.
  • Without such enactment, issues to be settled on the premise of science will be helpless before political practicality.

2. ‘EVMs cannot be perfectly secure’ Professor says using VVPAT can help 

What’s in news?

  • The electronic voting machine (EVM) can’t be impeccably secure.
  • Be that as it may, it is conceivable to hold straightforward races by making its outline open, getting master assessment on its vulnerabilities, tending to them through an open procedure and utilizing VVPAT, with the right convention, for each machine in each race with open reviews, says George Washington University software engineering educator Poorvi L. Vora.
  • She said that where VVPAT couldn’t be executed effectively and totally, there appeared to be no alternative other than paper tallies.
  • Educator Vora is a part of a group of 31 exceptionally qualified researchers and specialists that as of late — through an open letter to Chief Election Commissioner Nasim Zaidi — raised a scope of issues identified with EVM security.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. The Hague battle for Jadhav today 

Why in news?

  • The Peace Palace, home of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, will on Monday hold public hearings on the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, the former Indian Naval officer, who was arrested and sentenced to death by Pakistan in April over allegations of espionage and abetting terror.

International Court of Justice

  • The International Court of Justice (commonly referred to as the World Court, ICJ or The Hague) is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations (UN).
  • Seated in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands, the court settles legal disputes submitted to it by states and provides advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international branches, agencies, and the UN General Assembly.

2. Xi evokes Panchsheel as India skips meet Sharif underscores need to resolve conflict through talks 

What’s in news?

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Sunday proposed five principles of peaceful co-existence or Panchsheel — the brainchild of China, India and Myanmar in the 1950s — as the mantra for advancing the Belt and Road Initiative (B&RI), and as a vehicle for achieving sustainable globalisation.

Key Points:

  • India has decided to boycott the BRF, as a mark of protest against the infringement of its sovereignty by the China- Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) that passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).
  • India has boycotted Belt and Road Forum (BRF) while other countries such as Japan and Vietnam, which have serious maritime disputes with China, have sent high-level official delegations, to the BRF.

 

C. GS3 Related

Category: ECONOMY

1. Centre may execute proposed social security law in phases 

What’s in news?

  • The Labour Ministry may implement its proposed social security law in a phased manner, exempting small factories employing up to 10 workers, from its ambit initially.

Key Points:

  • This was the first occasion when that the Central government had proposed a law for giving all inclusive standardized savings to all specialists which have been one of the key requests of the focal exchange unions.
  • Be that as it may, little and medium ventures, which are kept out of standardized savings plots at present, had raised worries over the administration’s proposition.
  • Giving standardized savings to all specialists will be one of the key subjects of the 47th Indian Labor Conference (ILC) which is probably going to be introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the not so distant future.

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today

 

   PIB Articles                  Editorials Roundup

 

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn

 

F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News

Article in News

About the article

 

G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
Question 1: International Court of Justice, recently in news , located at which of the following place ?

a) New York
b) Brussels
c) The Hague
d) Paris

See
Answer
Question 2: The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) is the apex body constituted 
in the Ministry of Environment and Forests under which of the following act?

a) Wildlife Protction Act, 1972
b) Environment Protection Act, 1986
c) Biological Diversity Act, 2002
d) Forest Rights Act, 2006

See
Answer
Question 3: Consider the following statements:
  1. The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India.
  2. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, state legislatures only.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None

See
Answer
Question 4: Consider the following statements:
  1. The Chief Justice of India (based on a recommendation from incumbent Govt of India) appoints the Chief Election Commissioner.
  2. Chief Election Commissioner has tenure of five years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None

See
Answer
Question 5: Consider the following statements:
  1. GM mustard (DMH-11) is developed by Mahyco and the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University.
  2. Bt brinjal is developed by a team of scientists at Delhi University led by former vice-chancellor Deepak Pental under a government-funded project.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None

See
Answer

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