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Difference Between Globalization and Liberalization

Globalization is where an economy of scale is created through the interaction and integration among people, companies, and governments worldwide. 

It is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon, which is considered by some as a form of capitalist expansion which entails the integration of local and national economies into a global, unregulated market economy.

Liberalization is the process where a state lifts restrictions on some private individual activities. It is a situation in which government regulations and restrictions are relaxed to make room for economic expansion.

Difference between Globalization and Liberalization - UPSC Economics 2020

They are both economic terms whose differentiation will be highlighted in this article.

Aspirants can find more Difference Between Articles, by visiting the linked page

The differences between globalization and liberalization are highlighted in the table below:                                                                                                                                                                      

Differences between Globalization and Liberalization



Globalization is closely related to the scale of economic activities across nations Liberalization is mainly concentrated on economic activities as a result of modernization and development
In a globalized setup, localities develop direct economic and cultural relationships to the global system through information technologies, bypassing and subverting traditional power hierarchies like national governments and markets. Liberalization also often involves reductions in taxes, social security, and unemployment benefits.
  • Access to New Culture
  • Lower Costs for Products
  • Access to New Talent
  • Inward Investments
  • Increased competition will lead to a rise in quality goods for the consumer
  • There are chances of developing nations being open to exploitation by advanced economies
  • Adverse effects on local economies
  • Cultural Homogenization
  • Loss of domestic units due to the inflow of foreign goods
  • Unbalanced economic development
  • Increased dependency on foreign assistance
The most archaic form of globalization can be traced back to the days of the Indus Valley Civilization where relations between different nations were shaped by the geographical spread of ideas and social norms at local and regional levels. Although early forms of liberalization were practised by merchant states of the 15th century, such as Venice, liberalizations in their modern form can be traced after World War 2. In India, the process of liberalization was initiated through the economic reforms of 1991 by Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao and his then-Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh

Both Globalization and Liberalization are important terms in the Economics (Indian Economy) segment of the Prelims and Mains stage of the IAS Exam.

Candidates can find free Indian Economy study material to aid them in their exam preparation:

Difference Between Globalization and Liberalization – Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about Globalization and Liberalization


How does liberalization support globalization?

Proponents of trade liberalization, however, claim that it ultimately lowers consumer costs, increases efficiency, and fosters economic growth. The outcome of trade liberalization and the resulting integration among countries is known as globalization.

What is impact of globalization?

Globalization means the speedup of movements and exchanges (of human beings, goods, and services, capital, technologies or cultural practices) all over the planet. One of the effects of globalization is that it promotes and increases interactions between different regions and populations around the globe.

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. For more articles and exam-related preparation materials, refer to the links given in the table below:

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