Green Card holders and Citizenship are terms that grant foreign nationals the right to live and work in the United States of America. But the two of them are not interchangeable and differ on the basis of responsibilities, rights and benefits, among many other factors.
A Green Card holder, also known as a permanent resident, is someone who has been granted permission to live and work in the United States on a permanent basis while retaining the citizenship of their original country.
Citizenship is the highest status that can be granted under U.S. immigration law and offers the permanent right to live in the United States.
This article will further explain the difference between a Green Card holder and Citizenship within the context of the IAS Exam.
Green Card vs Citizenship – Key Differences
Given below is a tabulated difference between Green Card and Citizenship. UPSC aspirants can refer to the following points:
Difference between Green Card and Citizenship
|A Green Cardholder can avail a Social Security card which makes them eligible for social security benefits such as Medicare, supplemental security income||A foreign national who is granted citizenship are eligible to vote in the US elections. A Green Card holder cannot do the same.|
|Green card holders can apply visas for their spouses and unmarried children so that they can reside in the United States||Citizenship gives the ability to petition for foreign national spouses, married and unmarried children, siblings, and other relatives to live in the U.S|
|Green Card holders can travel outside the United States, but the time spent outside the country should not be prolonged as it can affect his/her residential status||A US citizen can go travel outside the United States for a long period of time without any detrimental effect on their citizenship|
|Green Card holders can join certain branches of the United States Military but cannot join those Federal Agencies which require that only a US citizen can apply.||Citizenship offers the right to work and apply in all branches of the US military as well as government agencies|
|A Green Card holder can be deported from the United States on the grounds of serious crimes, espionage or failing to inform the US government about a change in address.||A US citizen will not be deported but his/her citizenship can be revoked if any fraud was committed when applying for citizenship|
|A foreign national can become a permanent resident through the following way:
||Citizenship can be obtained through the following ways:
You can find similar topics by referring to the links given below:
- Difference Between Nationality and Citizenship
- Citizenship in India
- National Register of Citizens
- Overseas Citizen of India
- India and Migration – Facts for UPSC Prelims and Mains
For more difference between articles, visit the linked article.
Difference Between Green Card and Citizenship: UPSC Exam Notes – Download PDF Here
Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between Green Card and Citizenship
Q 1. What is the key difference between citizenship and Green Card?
Q 2. What is the difference between a permanent resident and citizen?
Q 3. Can a green card holder become a US citizen?
Aspirants can find the complete UPSC Syllabus through the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below: