Climate change is a clear and present danger that will affect the Earth and its people for years to come. In the past few years, there have been many conferences, agreement and protocols to mitigate the dangerous effects of climate change.
The Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreements are two such treaties. Although both were drafted with a few to control greenhouse emissions, the manner in which they were implemented and to whom they were addressed to was fundamentally different.
The Paris Agreement was an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation.
The Kyoto Protocol is a treaty that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus.
This article will further elaborate upon the differences between the two within the context of the IAS Exam
Difference Between the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement
|The Kyoto Protocol was established in 1997||The Paris Agreement was signed in 2016|
|The Kyoto Protocolprimarily targeted industrialised nations as they were considered the primary emitters of greenhouse gases. Developing nations were exempt from the Kyoto Protocol||The Paris Agreement required both developing and developed nations to reduce their greenhouse emissions|
|The objective of the Kyoto Protocol was to reduce greenhouse gases to 5.2%, below pre-1990 levels||The objective of the Paris Agreement was to prevent the average global temperature from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels|
|The Kyoto Protocol was aimed at 6 major greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, sulfur hexafluoride, HFCs, PFCs and nitrous oxide||The Paris Agreement was focused on reducing all anthropogenic greenhouse gases|
|The first phase of the Kyoto Protocol lasted until 2012||The goals of the Paris Agreement are st to be achieved between 2025 and 2030|
For further reading candidates can refer to the links given below:
Find more difference between articles through the given links
Difference between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement – Download PDF Here
Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement
Q 1. What is the main difference between the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement?
Q 2. When and where was the Kyoto Protocol adopted?
Aspirants can find the complete UPSC Syllabus through the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below: