Interesting Facts about Dr. Ambedkar

Dr. Ambedkar stood as a sign of struggle for social justice. He was the Principal Architect of Indian Constitution, a scholar par excellence, a jurist, an idealistic, an emancipator and real nationalist. He led several social movements to secure and safeguard human rights of the oppressed and miserable sectors of the society. In this article 15 Important Facts of Dr B R Ambedkar are shared.

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“Labour’s creed is internationalism. Labour is interested in nationalism only because the wheels of democracy—such as representative Parliaments, responsible Executive, constitutional conventions, etc.—work better in a community united by national sentiments. Nationalism to Labour is only a means to an end. It is not an end in itself to which Labour can agree to sacrifice what it regards as the most essential principles of life. “

—Dr. Ambedkar’s broadcast on All India Radio, Bombay in December 1942

15 Key Facts About B.R Ambedkar

Fact 1

The real name of Dr. B.R Ambedkar is Ambadvekar. He was born to Mahar caste family who was treated as untouchables and subjected to socio-economic discrimination in Madya Pradesh.

Fact 2

He suggested the splitting of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in 1955. It was done 45 years later.

Fact 3

He was the first law minister of Independent India and resigned as law minister when his women rights bill was opposed by Parliament.

Fact 4

He contested in 1952 and 1954 election but never won.

Fact 5

In 1942, November 27, he brought the issue on working hours on the 7th session of Indian Labour Conference in New Delhi. He assisted in reducing working hours in India from 14 to 8 hours.

Fact 6

Dr. Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue an economics doctorate degree abroad.

Fact 7

Dr. B.R Ambedkar framed many laws for Women Labours in India:

  1. Mines Maternity Benefit Act
  2. Women Labor welfare fund
  3. Women and Child, Labor Protection Act
  4. Maternity Benefit for women Labor
  5. Restoration of Ban on Employment of Women on Underground Work in Coal Mines

Fact 8

The unique source of reference for all the 13 Finance Commission reports, in a way, are based on Dr. Ambedkar’s PhD thesis, “The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India”, written in 1923.

Fact 9

There are several acts enacted by Dr. B.R Ambedkar for the welfare of people.

  1. Dearness Allowance (DA) to Workers
  2. Leave Benefit to Piece Workers
  3. Revision of Scale of Pay for Employees
  4. Health Insurance Scheme
  5. National Employment Agency (Employment Exchange)
  6. Employees State Insurance (ESI)
  7. Provident Fund Act
  8. Factory Amendment Act
  9. Labor Disputes Act
  10. Minimum wage

Fact 10

He enacted Coal Mines Safety (Stowing) Amendment Bill for the benefit of the workers, Mica Mines Labor Welfare Fund

Fact 11

In 1942, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar passed the Indian Statistical Act.

Fact 12

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar has also contributed to the water resources development. He designed and outlined, Damodar Valley Project, Hirakud project and Sone River valley project.

Fact 13

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was based on the ideas that Ambedkar presented to the Hilton Young Commission.

Fact 14

He converted to Buddhism on 14th October 1956 at Deekshabhumi (Nagpur) and it is known Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din

Fact 15

Chaitya Bhoomi is a commemorative place to Dr. B R Ambedkar was cremated here after his death on 6 December 1956. This day is observed as Mahaparinirvan Din.

Civil Service Exam aspirants can refer to the list of UPSC Books given in the link, to augment their preparation.

Frequently Asked Questions on Facts about Dr B R Ambedkar

Q 1. What was the Mahad Satyagraha of 1927?

Ans. The Mahad satyagraha of 1927 was one of the defining moments in B R Ambedkar’s political thought and action. He led Dalits to the Chavadar lake in Mahad, Maharashtra and asserted their right to use any water resource present in the country.

Q 2. How did B R Ambedkar change the labour rules in the country?

Ans. Being a member of the Viceroy’s Council for labour from 1942 to 1946, Dr B R Ambedkar changed the working hours for labours from 12 hours to 8 hours in the 7th session of the Indian Labour Conference in New Delhi in November 1942.

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