The distribution of water from the Helmand River has been the subject of an extended debate between Iran and Afghanistan. In this article, you can read more about the Iran – Taliban water conflict, which can have possible ramifications for the security aspects of the region. This topic is relevant for the IAS exam international relations segment.
Iran-Afghanistan Water Dispute
Both Iran and Afghanistan depend on the Helmand River as a crucial source of water for agriculture, livelihoods, and ecosystems in the area.
- Iran accuses Afghanistan of violating its water rights, claiming that it receives much less water than was agreed upon in a 1973 treaty. Afghanistan, on the other hand, attributes the reduced water flow to climatic factors like the lack of rainfall.
Water Conflict between Iran and Afghanistan (Taliban)
The 1973 Helmand River Treaty has been violated since it has not been properly approved or adequately implemented. An agreement was struck between Iran and Afghanistan to control the allocation of river water.
- Iran accuses Afghanistan of abusing its water rights, stating that it receives much less water than was agreed upon in the 1973 deal. Iran has regularly accused Afghanistan of violating its water rights.
- Afghanistan disputes Iran’s claims, attributing the current situation to climatic variables including decreased rainfall and diminished river water levels. Afghanistan has denied Iran’s claims.
- Tehran expresses worry over Afghanistan’s plans to build irrigation systems, dams, and reservoirs along the Helmand River, foreseeing a negative impact on water flow into Iran.
Iran – Taliban Water Conflict:- Download PDF Here
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