UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Biogas and Manure Management Programme
National Biogas and Manure Management Programme is a central sector scheme that makes provisions for setting up of Family type biogas plant for providing biogas as clean cooking fuel and a source of lighting in rural and semi-urban areas of the country. The biogas plants can generate biogas from organic substances like cattle dung, night soil wastes, and biomass from the kitchen, garden, farms and other such bio-degradable materials. The biogas is generated through a process called as anaerobic digestion (AD). The programme is being implemented in all the states and Union Territories by the Ministry of New and Renewable energy by the State Nodal Departments/ State Nodal Agencies and Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Biogas Development and Training Centres (BDTCs).
- For the households that have feed material, Biogas plant is the best option to become self- dependent for highly organic, enriched bio-manure and cooking gas.
- Setting up a biogas plant provides the solution to protect the households from the ill effects of indoor air pollution and at the same time, save on the cost of refilling of LPG cylinders.
- The slurry produced from biogas plants can be used as an organic bio-manure for improving the crop yield. It also helps in maintaining soil health, thus enhancing the productivity.
- Social benefits to rural families by reducing the drudgery of women involved in collecting fuelwood and mitigating health hazards during cooking in smoky kitchens.
- Sanitation can be improved in villages by linking sanitary toilets with biogas plants.
- Helps in reducing environmental degradation and preventing the emissions of Green House Gases (GHGs) such as Methane and Carbon Dioxide (C02) into the atmosphere.
- By setting up of biogas plants, the family can save on the cost of refilling the LPG cylinder, cost of production from the reduced need of fertilizers like urea and equivalent etc. Thus proving it to be economically beneficial to the households.
A target has recently been set up by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) for setting up of 65,180 biogas plants in the present year under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP). The Ministry provides the subsidy for family type biogas plants.
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