Powers and Functions of UPSC

Before preparing for UPSC examination aspirants should know about the supreme body which conducts the examination. UPSC Civil services IAS Exam is conducted Union Public Service Commission. The body is a constitutionally created body. This is the ultimate body responsible for conducting country’s prestigious exams like Civil Services Examination National Defence Academy Examination and Engineering Services Examination etc.

Role of Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission of India was constituted by the British Government during the British rule. The  Lee Commission, in 1924 had suggested in its report for the creation of an unprejudiced and independent Public Service Commission. On the basis of such suggestions, the Union Public Service Commission was constituted in 1926.

Afterwards, by the Government of India Act of 1935, the Public Service Commission were created independently for both the state government and central services.

Union Public Service Commission

According to Article 315 of the Indian constitution, there shall be a  permanent UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). This body will conduct exam to appoint candidates to different posts of Indian Civil Services under the government of India. Article 315 to 323 of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment of UPSC members, functions and powers of UPSC.

Constitutional Provisions




Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.


Appointment and term of office of members.


Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission


Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.


Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.


Functions of Public Service Commissions.


Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions


Expenses of Public Service Commissions


Reports of Public Service Commissions

Functions of UPSC

  1. The UPSC conducts examination for  All-India Services Central Services and Public Services for different Indian states and Union territory
  2. It helps the states in composing and implementing schemes of combined recruitment for any services requiring special qualifications.
  3. The UPSC serves the interests of the State on the demand of the Governor and with the consent of the President of India.
  4. The UPSC shall be consulted in the matters of :
    1. Demands for compensation of legal express obtained by a civil servant in defending proceeding instituted against him.
    2. Matters relating to the interim appointments for period exceeding one year
    3. Matters of personnel management etc.

The Union Public Service Commission make suggestions which are advisory in nature. The recommendations from UPSC are not binding on the government.

Composition of UPSC

The UPSC comprises of a chairman and ten members. The President of India appoints the UPSC Chairman and other members. Each member holds office for a tenure of 6 years or till he becomes the age of 65 years.

Name and Details


Shri Arvind Saxena


Dr. Pradeep Kumar Joshi


Shri Bhim Sain Bassi


Air Marshal A. S. Bhonsle (retd.)


Ms. Sujata Mehta


Dr. Manoj Soni


Ms. Smita Nagaraj


Ms. M. Sathiyavathy


(Names of UPSC members as on 20/06/2018 )

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