The revenue villages and forest villages are two different kinds of administrative units, among many, prevalent in India. Generally the government services are more easily available in a revenue village as compared to a forest village. This is because the forest villages are difficult to penetrate into due to legal restrictions coming from the Forests Act of 1878. The state government these days is striving towards converting forest villages into revenue villages as suggested by the central government.

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About Forest Village

Village forest is a kind of forest that is owned or managed by the inhabitants in the area. A village is a community which is bigger than a hamlet but not as large as a town. The Forest Act of 1878 separated the forest across three different categories. Reserved woods, protected forests, and village forests. In India, a “Common Important Forest” is a forest managed by local communities in a way that promotes sustainable development. Village forests, or panchayat forests, are typical names for these types of woodlands. The forest’s administration and resource use are handled at the village or at a panchayat level.

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

Hamlets, villages, and village communities are in charge of managing these jungles. The Village Forest Committee, Forest Protection Committee, or Village Forest Institution is a locally elected entity that is responsible for the maintenance of such communal forests. The residents patrol the village woodland. They are also permitted to stay in protected woods if they agree to labour for the forest department for free, cutting and hauling trees and safeguarding the forest from fire. They were also not permitted to take anything away from the jungle for their private use.

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About Revenue Village

In India, a Revenue Village is a tiny administrative unit with fixed limits. Many hamlets can be included in a single revenue village. A Village Administrative Officer (VAO) is in charge of each revenue village. The notion of a revenue village dates all the way back to Raja Todar Mal, the minister of revenue in Emperor Akbar’s court, who instituted a land reform system. The crux of the reform was the calculation of land revenue based on the quantity of cultivation, the soil type, as well as the quality of the harvests. The Marathas excelled in the compilation of geographical maps of revenue villages for the benefit of native rulers in the 18th century.

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The revenue village was supposed to be the lowest administrative entity in the settlement hierarchy, and it still remains. It was created to improve the tax collection method and control the process, not to plan and build the town.

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Related Links:

Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar

India State of Forest Report, 2021

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

Reforms in Criminal Justice System of India

Amar Jawan Jyoti

National Educational Alliance for Technology

United Nations (UN) Principal Organs

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)


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