Sociology Optional Books for IAS Mains

The Optional subjects are the essential factor of the UPSC IAS Exam. It plays a crucial role in deciding the rank of candidates in IAS Exam. The Sociology optional finds its place in the list of 48 subjects provided by UPSC. The optional paper is a part of the Mains examination which holds 9 subjective papers. 

UPSC Sociology Optional Books 

Sociology has turned out as a vital part of general studies paper as well as an optional paper in civil services mains examination. Being one of the easiest optional subjects, many aspirants take Sociology yearly as their optional for UPSC Mains Exam. The syllabus of sociology optional subject for IAS exam can be tackled if approached with right strategies.

Like, other optional subjects sociology has two papers. Paper I of Sociology deals with the fundamentals of Sociology where Paper-II of Sociology optional deals with the Indian society, its structure, and change.

Here we are giving the important books for Paper I and Paper II of sociology optional for UPSC IAS Mains.

Sociology Optional Books for Paper-I

The table below gives the names of books which can be referred by the IAS aspirants to cover the Sociology syllabus:

Sociology Optional Books (Paper-I)
Sociology – Anthony Giddens
Sociological Theory – Ritzer George
Sociology – Haralambos & Holborn
Oxford Dictionary Of Sociology
Sociological Thought – M Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
Political Theory – O P Gauba

If you are targeting UPSC 2023, you may like to check the linked article. 

Sociology Optional Books for Paper-II

The table below gives the names of books that can be referred by the IAS aspirants to cover the Sociology syllabus:

Sociology Optional Books (Paper-II)
Social Change in India – M N Srinivas
Caste Its Twentieth Century Avatar – M N Srinivas
Handbook of Indian Sociology – Veena Das
Indian Society and Culture – Nadeem Hasnain
Modernization of Indian Tradition – Yogendra Singh
Persistence and Change in Tribal India – M.V. Rao
Rural Sociology – S L Doshi
Social Background of Indian Nationalism – A R Desai

UPSC Sociology Optional Booklist: –Download PDF Here

You can also check the articles relevant to UPSC Sociology Syllabus and also IAS exam preparation in the table below:

Political Science vs Sociology IAS Medical Science Optional Syllabus
PSIR Optional Syllabus UPSC Mains: Sociology or Anthropology Optional?
IAS Subjects for Science Students Important PDFs for IAS Preparation


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  1. Plz give the book list for upsc

  2. Plz give the list of books for prelims

  3. the books which you mention in your lists, is it necessary that for exam preparation, you have to read all books or we have to choose it?

    • Hi Soumya
      No, it isn’t necessary to read all books from cover to cover. The main aim is to complete the syllabus, hence, you are required to refer to the books for different topics whenever and wherever required.

  4. please suggest main preferable book for
    mains optional law

  5. Please suggest me about optional subject. With out any background knowledge is it correct to choose Sociology as optional?

  6. Respected sir, kindly suggest me the best book for sociology optional. If possible please tell me the name, author, publication of the book.

  7. I am going to start my graduation from 2021 and I want to start my preparation for UPSC from now. Till 12th I was a medical student but now I changed my stream from medical to arts. How could I prepare from now and suggest some best books which I should study along with my graduation.