Government bodies are important for the UPSC civil services exam. Their functions, objectives, members, etc. are to be studied as part of the polity and governance sections of the UPSC syllabus. In this article, you can read all about the Tax Policy Council and the Tax Policy Research Unit, both of which were formed by the government in February 2016.
The Tax Administration Reform Commission (TARC) suggested the formation of a tax council be established for both direct and indirect taxes, for the purpose of bringing consistency, multidisciplinary inputs and having coherence in policy making. It recommended that the council be composed of tax administrators, economists, and specialists like operation research specialists, tax law experts and social researchers.
Tax Policy Council
Objectives of the Tax Policy Council (TPC)
- To have a consistent and coherent approach to the issue of tax policy.
- To have an interdisciplinary approach to tax matters.
Functions of the TPC
The TPC will look into the findings of the Tax Policy Research Unit and recommend broad policy measures in the taxation domain. The TPC will be advisory in nature, helping the government identifying key decisions for taxation.
The TPC will comprise of the Union Finance Minister and nine other members. The members are listed below:
- Finance Minister – Chairperson
- Minister of State for Finance
- Deputy Chairman, NITI Aayog
- Minister of State for Commerce & Industry
- Finance Secretary
- Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs
- Revenue Secretary
- Secretary, Commerce
- Secretary, DIPP
- Chief Economic Advisor to the Finance Minister
The chairpersons of CBDT and CBEC shall be special invitees.
Tax Policy Research Unit
The Tax Policy Research Unit (TPRU) is a multi-disciplinary body.
- Conduct studies on topics of tax and fiscal policies referred to it by CBDT and CBEC and offer independent analysis on these topics.
- Prepare and distribute policy papers and background papers on different tax policy issues.
- Assist the TPC in taking tax policy decisions.
- Liaise with the commercial tax departments of the states.
The following three points would be taken into account by the TPRU while preparing analyses for every tax proposal:
- Legislative intent – why is the proposal being framed and policy objective.
- The expected decrease or increase in tax collection as a result of the proposal being implemented.
- The expected economic impact of the proposal other than on tax collection.
The TPRU comprises of officers from the CBDT and CBEC, statisticians, economists, legal experts and operational researchers.