UPSC Exam Preparation: This Day in History July 22

22 July 1947

The National Flag of India was adopted


What Happened?

The National Flag of India was adopted in its present form during the meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947.

Historical Background:

  • The version of the flag closest to the current one came into existence in 1923. It was designed by Pingali Venkayya and had the saffron, white and green stripes with the spinning wheel placed in the white section. It was hoisted on April 13, 1923 in Nagpur during an event commemorating the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre. It was named the Swaraj Flag and became the symbol of India’s demand for Self-rule led by the Indian National Congress.
  • The resolution to adopt the tricolor as the National Flag of India was passed in 1931. On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Swaraj Flag as the National Flag of Sovereign India with the Ashok Chakra replacing the spinning wheel. 

What do the colours symbolize?

  • The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
  • The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.
  • In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
  • Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.

See previous ‘This Day in History’ here.

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