05 Aug 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

5 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Army to convene selection board for women personnel
B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Trump bars H-1B visa holders from federal jobs
2. Ahead of FATF meet, India to highlight Pakistan’s inaction
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
EDUCATION
1. Language of unity
F. Prelims Facts
1. COVAX Facility
2. Violating human rights in the Valley
G. Tidbits
1. Ayodhya awaits Modi’s launch of Ram temple construction
2. Haryana to link welfare schemes through ‘Parivar Pehchan Patra’, says CM
3. ‘Hawala route used in gold smuggling case’
4. 24 million may drop out of school due to pandemic: UN
5. Pak. map an absurd exercise, says India
6. ‘Entire B2C online sector to come within new consumer law ambit’
7. India looks to screen for re-routed Chinese goods
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Ahead of FATF meet, India to highlight Pakistan’s inaction

Context:

In the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) meetings scheduled in October 2020, Pakistan’s performance in acting against terror-financing infrastructure will be assessed.

Details:

  • The Pakistani establishment has to prove that it is serious about dismantling the terror-funding infrastructure.
  • Pakistan has to ensure that cases against key figures and organisations involved in raising funds and masterminding terror attacks attain finality and such elements are punished.
  • Ahead of the crucial FATF meetings, Indian agencies plan to highlight its inaction in the Pulwama, 26/11 Mumbai attack and Daniel Pearl murder cases.
  • The United States has also repeatedly asked Pakistan to bring four accused persons, Mazhar Iqbal, Sajid Mir, Abu Qahafa and Abdur Rehman Hashim Syed, to justice.

Read more about the mandate and functioning of FATF covered in the 28th June 2020 CNA.

2. Violating human rights in the Valley

Preventive detention:

  • Preventive detention is the imprisonment of a person with the aim of preventing them from committing further offences or of maintaining public order.
  • A police officer can arrest an individual without orders from a Magistrate and without any warrant.
  • Article 22 of the Indian Constitution provides protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
  • The Constitution provides important procedural safeguards that must be followed by the state, failing which the detention order would be quashed. This involves the fundamental right to be communicated, as soon as may be, the grounds on which the order has been made and the earliest opportunity of making a representation against the order.
  • Clause (4) of the Article states that no individual can be detained for more than 3 months unless a bench of high court judges or an advisory board decides to extend the date.
  • Preventive detention orders can be challenged through habeas corpus petitions.

G. Tidbits

1. Ayodhya awaits Modi’s launch of Ram temple construction

What’s in News?

Twenty-eight years after Babri Masjid was demolished (1992) by kar sevaks, construction of a temple at the spot is formally being launched, where Hindus believe Lord Ram was born.

  • The Supreme Court in November 2019 permitted the construction of a Ram Temple at the site where the Babri Masjid stood till December 6, 1992.

For an in-depth understanding of this issue, read Ayodhya Verdict: Explained.

2. Haryana to link welfare schemes through ‘Parivar Pehchan Patra’, says CM

What’s in News?

Haryana Chief Minister has announced that welfare schemes of all departments would be linked to the ‘Parivar Pehchan Patra’ (PPP) being distributed to eligible families.

  • PPP is an e-governance initiative that will enable the citizens to get the benefit of various Central and State government schemes at their door-step in a fair and transparent manner.
  • A separate Citizen Resources Information Department (CRID) has been established to give further momentum to the PPP programme.
  • The State has taken several e-governance initiatives such as ‘Meri Fasal Mera Byora Yojana’, digitalisation of revenue records and the Haryana Udhyam Memorandum (HUM) Portal, among others.

3. ‘Hawala route used in gold smuggling case’

What’s in News?

The National Investigation Agency (NIA), probing the diplomatic baggage gold smuggling case in Kerala, has stated that the initial funds for obtaining gold were raised by persons with dubious antecedents and the funds were sent abroad through hawala channel.

Hawala:

  • Hawala is an informal method by which money can change hands without the use of banks.
  • This works through codes, contacts and trust with no paperwork at all.

Read more about Hawala.

4. 24 million may drop out of school due to pandemic: UN

What’s in News?

According to the United Nation’s policy brief on the pandemic’s impact on education, almost 24 million children are at risk of not returning to school next year due to the economic fallout of COVID-19.

Concerns:

  • The educational financing gap is likely to increase by one third.
  • The pandemic has exacerbated the existing disparities, with vulnerable populations in low-income countries taking a harder and longer hit.
    • For example, during the second quarter of 2020, 86% of children at the primary level have been effectively out of school in poor countries, compared to just 20% in highly developed countries.
  • Girls and young women are likely to be disproportionately affected as school closures make them more vulnerable to child marriage, early pregnancy and gender-based violence.
  • Simulations on developing countries participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) suggest that without remediation, a loss of learning by one-third during Grade 3 might result in 72% of students falling so far behind that by Grade 10 they will have dropped out or will not be able to learn anything in school.
PISA:
  • The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students’ reading, mathematics, and science literacy every three years.
  • First conducted in 2000, the major domain of study rotates between reading, mathematics, and science in each cycle.

5. Pak. map an absurd exercise, says India

What’s in News?

On the eve of the first anniversary of the special status of Jammu & Kashmir being withdrawn, the Pakistan Government has claimed to have unveiled a ‘new political map’.

  • It includes the entire Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir and parts of Gujarat, including Junagadh.
  • The map shows a part of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with the lines emblazoned on it stating, “Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir”.
    • The text reads, “Disputed Territory – Final Status will be decided in line with the relevant UNSC resolutions”.
  • Junagadh in Gujarat is also shown as part of Pakistan.
    • Junagadh was a Hindu majority princely state whose Muslim ruler opted to join Pakistan in 1947 but whose Hindu subjects said they wanted to join India.

India’s reaction:

  • Ministry of External Affairs has called the unveiling of Pakistan’s new political map, an exercise in political absurdity.
  • The press statement of the Ministry states that there is neither legal validity nor international credibility in such an exercise.

Also Read: Article 370 – Explained.

6. ‘Entire B2C online sector to come within new consumer law ambit’

The new Consumer Protection Act will regulate the operations of e-commerce players, with the entire B2C online sector strictly within its ambit.

  • All kinds of B2C online services, irrespective of their size and reach, all mobile app-based services and all businesses running on social media platforms, will come within the bill’s purview.

Read more about the Consumer Protection Act, 2019.

7. India looks to screen for re-routed Chinese goods

What’s in News?

Amid strained ties with Beijing and a push for self-reliance, India is considering measures to prevent trade partners, mainly in Southeast Asia, from re-routing Chinese goods to India with little added value.

  • India is planning to raise quality standards of imports, impose quantity restrictions, mandate stringent disclosure norms and initiate more frequent checks at ports of entry for goods coming from many Asian countries.
  • The moves will mainly target imports of base metals, electronic components for laptops and mobile phones, furniture, leather goods, toys, rubber, textiles, air conditioners and televisions, among other items.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Sir Creek:
  1. It is a strip of water disputed between India and Pakistan in the Rann of Kutch marshlands.
  2. The Creek opens up in the Arabian Sea.
  3. The Creek was originally called Ban Ganga.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

All the statements are correct.

Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Kharai camels:
  1. These camels can swim.
  2. They are found only in Rajasthan.
  3. Kharai Camels can live in both coastal and dry ecosystems.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Kharai Camels or Swimming Camels are found only in Gujarat’s Bhuj area.
  • This camel is adapted to the extreme climate of the Rann of Kutch where shallow seas and high salinity is prevalent. Kharai Camel can live in both coastal and dry ecosystems.
  • It grazes on saline/mangrove trees and is tolerant to high saline water.
  • It can swim up to three kilometers into the sea in search of mangroves, its primary food.
  • The camel is distinct from other camels because of its rounded back, long and thin legs and small feet.
Q3. Namdapha National Park is located in:
  1. Assam
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Manipur
  4. Sikkim
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Namdapha National Park is a protected area in Arunachal Pradesh of Northeast India.
  • Namdapha was originally declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1972, then a National Park in 1983 and became a Tiger Reserve under the Project Tiger scheme in the same year.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to River Son:
  1. The river rises in the hills of the Chota Nagpur plateau.
  2. It passes along the Kaimur Range.
  3. It is a left-bank tributary of River Ganga.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

The Son River rises in the Amarkantak Plateau. It passes along the Kaimur Range. Major right-bank tributaries of the Ganga include Yamuna river, Son river and Damodar river.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Discuss the arguments both in favour of and against the three-language formula advocated in the National Education Policy (NEP 2020). Suggest a suitable way forward with respect to this provision. (15 marks, 250 words)(GS paper 2/Education)
  2. Discuss the provision of preventive detention in India and the constitutional safeguards in place to address the possible misuse of this provision. (10 marks, 150 words)(GS paper 2/Polity and Governance)

Read the previous CNA here.

5 Aug 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

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