18 Feb 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 18th Feb 2020:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Women Army officers eligible for permanent commission: SC
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Govt. plans research on ‘indigenous’ cows
2. Why delay appointments, asks SC
C. GS 3 Related
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. India’s bird population suffers long-term decline
SECURITY
1. Peninsular command by next year end, says General Rawat
ECONOMY
1. Response to long-term repo encouraging: RBI
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
ECONOMY
1. A royal mess
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. Women-at-arms
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. May the Force be strengthened
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Protecting children’s right to protest
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Over 50% inmates in Tihar jail from backward classes in 2018
2. Seeds to be distributed through cooperatives
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

2. Why delay appointments, asks SC

Context:

The Supreme Court has questioned the government for holding back recommendations for appointments to various High Courts even after reiteration by the Collegium.

Issues:

  • The Bench was conveying its alarm at the rising number of vacancies in various High Courts.
  • Some of these courts are functioning only with half their sanctioned judicial strength.
  • On average, the courts suffer at least 40% vacancies.
  • Noting that there are 199 vacancies in the High Courts, Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul said that, efforts should be made to kick-start the appointments process to the courts early.

Read more about the Supreme Court Collegium System and National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC).

Category: SECURITY

1. Peninsular command by next year end, says General Rawat

Context:

Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) has spelled out a road map for restructuring the Armed Forces that would holistically counter threats along the borders with China and Pakistan as well as in the Indian Ocean, backed by logistical agreements with other countries.

Details:

  • Noting that threats of another 2008 Mumbai-style attacks remain, the CDS has said the security of peninsular India should remain under one command.
  • The CDS has said that an Indian Ocean-centered Peninsular Command, possibly formed by merging the Eastern and Western Naval Commands, should start shaping up by the end of 2021.
  • A study will look at earmarking some assets of the Army and the IAF for deployment under the Peninsular Command.
  • It was pointed out that the Chief of Naval Staff must look at the big picture, and was stressed that the “Indian Ocean region is one entity”.

Tri-services Theatre Command:

  • Instead of having separate commands for every service, the CDS is working on having a joint or theatre command that can carry out all war-fighting formations under a single commander.
  • The commander could either be from the Army, Air Force or the Navy.
  • Theaterisation means putting specific units of personnel from the three services — Army, Navy and Air Force — under a common theatre commander so they fight as a cohesive unit. Both the US and China follow a theatre command doctrine.
  • A study will look into several issues, such as having one command or two separate ones to tackle China — one East of Nepal and another West of Nepal, or whether the Northern Command could be split into two while keeping Jammu & Kashmir as a single unit.
    • However, it is felt that Jammu and Kashmir should be a separate theatre, including the IB (International Boundary) part.
    • Right now the LoC part comes under the Northern Command, but the IB part is under the Western Command.
  • There are about 19 military commands in the country and only two of them are tri-service commands – Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) and the Strategic Forces Command, which looks after nuclear assets.

Category: ECONOMY

1. Response to long-term repo encouraging: RBI

Context:

The Reserve Bank of India has said that the response to the first long-term repo auction was highly encouraging.

  • The central bank has received total bids of 1.94 lakh crore, for the three-year repo, compared with the notified amount of Rs. 25,000 crore.

Background:

In the sixth bi-monthly monetary policy review, RBI, while keeping the key interest rate unchanged, had announced that it would conduct term repos of one-year and three-year tenors up to a total amount of Rs. 1 lakh crore at the policy repo rate, which is 5.15%.

This issue has been covered in the 7th February 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis. Click here to read.

2. Seeds to be distributed through cooperatives

What’s in News?

The Rajasthan government has decided to distribute seeds with subsidy to the farmers only through the village cooperative societies.

  • The decision comes as a major step in preventing black marketing of certified seeds.
  • The decision is also expected to strengthen cooperative infrastructure in the State.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to “Dal Lake”:
  1. The lake is located in the Zabarwan mountain valley.
  2. It is surrounded by Shankaracharya hills on three sides only.
  3. It has been declared an Eco-Sensitive Zone.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 1 only
d. 1, 2 and 3 only

See
Answer
Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to Kaziranga National Park:
  1. Kaziranga National Park is a declared Tiger Reserve.
  2. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  3.  It is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

a. 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 1 and 2 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

See
Answer
Q3. Consider the following statement/s with respect to “SUTRA PIC”, recently in
news:
  1. It is a programme launched for the conservation and development of indigenous breeds of cows in a scientific manner.
  2. It is led by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

See
Answer
Q4. COnsider the following statements with respect to Rufous-fronted Prinia:
  1. The bird is endemic to the Western Ghats.
  2. It is classified as Endangered in the IUCN Red List.

Which of the given statement/s is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

See
Answer
Q5. Consider the following statements:
  1. Budgetary deficit is the sum of revenue account deficit and capital account deficit.
  2. While Fiscal Deficit represents the government’s total borrowing including interest payments, Primary Deficit shows the amount of borrowing excluding interest payments.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

See
Answer

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. In the backdrop of the Supreme Court ruling Short Service Commission women officers as being eligible for permanent commission and command posts in the Army, discuss the significance of the judgment and the associated implementational challenges. (15 marks, 250 words)
  2. Discuss the concerns associated with the turmoil being witnessed in the telecom sector of India. Suggest a suitable way forward for the telecom sector. (10 marks, 150 words)

Read previous CNA.

CNA 18th Feb 2020:- Download PDF Here

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