Collegium system

 Collegium System

The collegium system of the Supreme Court of India is the system of appointment and transfer of judges which owes its evolution to the three judgements of the very popular three judges cases. Over the course of the three cases, the principle of judicial independence evolved. The judicial independence ensures non-interference of any branch of the state inclusive of the executive and the legislature in the judges’ appointments or transfer. The collegium system was thus created. This system has been used since the issuance of judgement in the Second Judges Case in 1993. However, it is worth noting that the “Collegium System” has no mention in the Indian Constitution, originally or through successive amendments.