The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is an intergovernmental organization located at The Hague in the Netherlands.
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Important Facts of Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) for UPSC
The table below mentions the relevant facts about PCA for the UPSC exams
|Permanent Court of Arbitration|
|Origin of PCA||The Permanent Court of Arbitration was established by the First International Peace Conference held at The Hague, the Netherlands, in 1899.|
|Objective of PCA||The objective is “to facilitate the arbitration of international disputes”.|
|Structure of PCA||
What are the activities of the Permanent Court of Arbitration?
Arbitration has remained a rather infrequent means of resolving international disputes, though the UN Charter allows the states to settle their differences in tribunals other than the ICJ (International Court of Justice). The Court had a very limited role for several decades.
It adopted a new set of optimal rules in 1992 for giving greater flexibility and greater use of its resources for arbitrating disputes between the states. In 1993, it adopted certain new rules for arbitrating disputes between a state and a non-party state.
The PCA held its first Conference of Members in 1993 to discuss the future of the Court and established a Steering Committee. Under the new rule, the Court can arbitrate disputes both within and between inter-governmental organisations or between private corporations. The Court established a Financial Assistance Fund to help developing nations in meeting the costs incurred in bringing cases before it.
Multiple Choice Questions
Q.1 The Permanent Court of Arbitration was established in:
Answer: C) 1898
Q.2 The PCA is _______ in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
A) Active Particpant
C) Auxiliary Organization
E) Support Organisation
Answer: D) Observer
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